Sekhahla sa litapole tsa litapole - tlhaloso le litšoaneleho tsa litapole "Khosana e Mofubelu"

Black Black ke moemeli ea khanyang oa litholoana tse lefifi tsa litapole. Li-tuber tse ntle tsa boholo bo lekaneng li bolokiloe hantle, tatso e tšoarellang nako e telele le tatso e makatsang.

Mefuta e fapa-fapaneng ha e hlahise haholo, empa e na le boikokobetso ebile e hanyetsa mafu a mangata. Metso e ntle e loketse ho rekisoa, empa balemi ba lirapa ba bangata ba e hōlisa e le hore ba e sebelise.

Sehloohong sena u tla fumana tlhaloso e qaqileng ea mefuta e fapa-fapaneng, litšoaneleho tsa eona le tse ikhethang tsa temo, tseba mefokolo le likokoanyana tse ka 'nang tsa senya meroho.

Tšimoloho

Mohloli oa mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea Prince Prince e sa hlalosoa. Ho na le likhopolo-taba tse 'maloa, ho ea ka le leng - lena ke lebitso le tsebahalang bakeng sa khetho e fapaneng ea lefats'e ea Dutch kapa ea Iseraele.

Litsebi tse ling li lumela hore lebitso lena le kopanya mefuta e sa tšoaneng e tšoanang. Khaleng ea Naha ea Russia ha e hlahe, empa e atile har'a balemi ba lirapa-balateli ba linaha tse sa tšoaneng.

Litapole ha li lengoe libakeng tsa indasteri, hangata e ka fumanoa mapolasing a amateur kapa lirapeng tse nyane. Ka tloaelo, Khosana e Mofubelu e lenngoe e le phapanyetsano ho tse ling, mefuta e mengata e tloaelehileng ea litapole.

Black Prince litapole: tlhaloso e sa tšoaneng

Lebitso la mabitsoPrince ea Black
Litšobotsi tse tloaelehilenglipakeng tse sa tsoaneng tse sa tšoaneng le lihlahisoa tse tlaase le ponahalo e feteletseng
Nako ea botšehaliMatsatsi a 90
Tšoaetso ea starch12-16%
Bongata ba li-tubers tsa khoebo70-170 gr
Tlisaho fihlela ho lik'hilograma tse 100 / ha
Boleng ba barekibophahamo ba liprotheine, livithamine, bohlokoa ba amino acid, beta carotene
Ho tsosolosoa97%
'Mala oa letlalopherese e lefifi
'Mala o motalabeige e khanyang
Libaka tse ntseng li hōla tse khethiloenge loketseng mefuta eohle ea mobu
Mafu a ho hanyetsamanganga ho kankere ea litapole, khauta ea cyst nematode, e tloaelehileng scab
Lintho tsa ho hōlamefuta e fapa-fapaneng e ela hloko mobu oa phepo
Moqapitse sa tsejoeng

Black Black ke lijo tse tloaelehileng tsa mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea tafoleng, tse khetholloang ke tatso ea eona e phahameng ea tuber. Litapole li hanyetsa mocheso le komello, e khetha mobu o lehlabathe, o mamelang haholo manyolo.

Tlhahiso e batla e le tlase, e na le Hectare e le 'ngoe e ka bokelloa ho fihlela ho tse 100 tsa li-tubers tse khethiloeng. Kotulo e bolokiloe hantle, metso ha e senyehe ha e cheka ebile ha e hloke ho hlophisa nakong ea polokelo.

Bala ho eketsehileng mabapi le nako, mocheso, mathata a polokelo ea litapole. Hape, mabapi le mokhoa oa ho boloka metso nakong ea mariha, ka le foranteng le ho lihatloana, ka sehatsetsing le ho phunyeletsoa.

Ho bapisa lihlahisoa le ho boloka boleng ba mefuta e sa tšoaneng le ba bang, u ka sebelisa tafole e ka tlase:

Lebitso la mabitsoTlhahiso (c / ha)Ho tsitsa (%)
Prince ea Blackho fihlela ho 10097
Serpanok170-21594
Elmundo250-34597
Milena450-60095
Selekane210-36093
Vector67095
Mozart200-33092
Sifra180-40094
Mofumahali Anne390-46092

Lithaba li le telele, li lokile, li na le mefuta e ka hare. Makala a phahame ka mokhoa o itekanetseng, ho thehoa ha botala bo botala ke karolelano. Makhasi ke boholo bo boima, bo botala bo botala, bo nang le likhahla tse nyenyane. Corolla e na le compact, e kopantsoe ho tloha lipalesa tse khōlō tsa buluu.

Ho thehoa ha Berry ho tlaase. Metso ea metso e matla, litapole tse kholo tse 5-7 li thehoa tlas'a sehlahla se seng le se seng, ho na le lintho tse sa reng letho.

Mefuta e fapa-fapaneng e hanyetsanoa le maloetse a fapa-fapaneng: kankere ea litapole, khauta-cyst-forming nematode, tloaelehileng scab, likokoana-hloko tse sa tšoaneng: vetricillosis, Fusarium, Alternaria. Ho tšoaetsoa ke bothata ba morao kapa blackleg hoa khoneha.

Matla le mefokolo

E 'ngoe ea melemo e meholo ea mefuta e mengata:

  • Tatso e ntle haholo ea lijalo;
  • thepa e babatsehang litšoaneleho tsa litapole;
  • Lijalo tsa motso ha li senyehe ha li cheka;
  • kotulo e bolokoa nako e telele;
  • khaello ea komello, ho hanyetsa mocheso;
  • ho mamella ho phomola ka nako e telele le nako e khutšoanyane;
  • ho hanyetsa mafu a maholo.

E meng ea mefokolo e ka boleloa e le chai e tlaase.. Mefuta e fapa-fapaneng e loketse ho tlatsetsoa ho litapole tse ling, e ka jala feela karolo ea sebaka.

Tlhaloso ea motso

  • li-tubers li na le boholo bo lekaneng, bo lekanang ho tloha 70 ho isa ho 170 g;
  • sebopeho sa oval, se fokolang;
  • li-tubers li boreleli, li le makhethe;
  • hlahisa lesela le lefubelu, le mebala e lekanang, le lekaneng, le boreleli;
  • mahlo a sa nahane, a sa tebang, a seng makae, a sa behoa;
  • nama ea ho khaola e be beige e nyenyane, e nyenyane e pinki;
  • starch content e tlaase, ho tloha ho 12 ho ea ho 16%;
  • bophahamo ba liprotheine, livithamine, bohlokoa ba amino acid, beta carotene.

Litapole li na le tatso e kholo.: e leka-lekaneng, e khanyang, eseng metsi. Litsebi li hlokomela monko o monate oa tubers, o qetellang ka mor'a ho lokisetsa.

Tatso ea litapole e itšetlehile haholo ka palo ea starch li-tubers tsa eona. Ka tafole ka tlaase u ka bona hore na sepone sena se mefuta e sa tšoaneng:

Lebitso la mabitsoTšoaetso ea starch
Prince ea Black12-16%
Pitsa12-15%
Svitanok Kiev18-19%
Cheri11-15%
Artemis13-16%
Tuscany12-14%
Yanka13-18%
Lilac fog14-17%
Openwork14-16%
Desiree13-21%
Santana13-17%

Ha ho khaola litapole u se ke ua fifala, mokhoa oa ho pheha ha o phehiloe butle, empa o fetoha o bonolo ebile oa opeha. E loketse litapole tse mashed, likhae tse halikiloeng, ho pata, sekepe. Li-tubers li ka koaoa le sebola, ke thuso haholo, li na le li-antioxidants le livithamine.

Photo

U balile tlhaloso ea litšoaneleho tsa "Morena e Moholo" litapole ka holimo, re fana ka maikutlo a ho e bona setšoantšong:

Lintho tsa ho hōla

Agrotechnology bakeng sa litapole tsena e tloaelehileng. Li-tubers tse kholo li khethiloe bakeng sa ho lema., e bataletseng, e sa hlaphoheloa, e sa senngoa ke tse senyang lijalo: wireworm kapa medvedka. Ho eletsoa ho sebelisa metso le litlhaloso tse fapaneng tsa mofuta o motle: nama e khanyang, e mahlaseli a letlalo le letlalo, le mahlo a manyenyane. Khetho e joalo e tla thusa ho fumana lihlahisoa tsa boleng le ho sireletsa mefuta e sa tsoaneng ho tloha moeeng le khoholeho ea mobu.

Ho itšetlehile ka mocheso le mobu oa mobu oa litapole e ka lengoa ka mohahong kapa mokhoa oa setso. Ea pele ke e ntle bakeng sa mobu o mobe oa lehlabathe. Ha le lenngoe ka mobu kapa mobu o mobu, ho molemo ho beha li-tubers mokhoma a leng bohōle ba cm 30 ho e mong. Botebo ha bo felle ka cm 10. Ho kgothaletswa hore o hlapolle humus e kopantswe le lehong molanka metsing.

Ke habohlokoa: Pele o lema, khethoa li-tubers li khethiloe, li hlophisoa ke kholo ea stimulator, ebe li mela ka leseli kapa ka metsi a sawdust. Mesebetsi eohle e etsoa libeke tse 4 pele lema.

Litapole ha li na komello, empa ka mobu o motle, chai e eketseha, tubers e kholoanyane. Ho nosetsang ho noa le ho fafatsa ho khothaletsoa.

Ha li hlaha li fihla bolelele ba cm 20, li hlakola, li etsa litoropo tse phahameng. Nakong e tlang, hilling e etsoa ka makhetlo a mang a mabeli ho feta, e ntlafatsa mobu oa aeration le ho sireletsa lihlahla ho likokoanyana. Ho kopanya li-mulching ho tla thusa ho laola mofoka.

Mefuta e fapa-fapaneng e ela hloko bohlokoa ba phepo ea mobu, e leng se bolelang hore litapole li hloka ho nongoa. Nakong ea nako ea ho lema ho khothalletsoa ho fepa bonyane makhetlo a 2. Karolong ea pele, ho na le tharollo ea dillein diluted kapa solution e aqueous ea urea.

Ka mor'a lipalesa, lihlahla li na le potassium sulfate. Sehlahla se seng le se seng se lokela ho ba 500 ml ea tharollo e phethiloeng. Ho fepa le ho fepa metso. Lihlahla li silafatsoa ka tharollo e nang le metsi a superphosphate matsatsi a 10-12 pele ho kotuloa. Mokhoa ona o thusa tuber hore e be khōlō le e ntle haholoanyane.

Boitsebiso bo eketsehileng mabapi le hore na, joang le joang ho fepa litapole, ho li etsa joang ha u lema, bala lihlooho tse eketsehileng setsheng seo.

Maloetse le tse senyang lijalo

Mefuta e fapa-fapaneng ea "Khosana e Meholo" e khahlanong le maloetse a mangata a kotsi: kankere ea litapole, khauta ea cyst nematode, e tloaelehileng scab. Nakong ea lefu la seoa sa morao-rao, ho lengoa ho tšeloa ka koporo e nang le litokisetso tsa koporo, le ho kenngoa ha molora mobung ho tloha blackleg le root root rot.

Joaloka mefuta e meng e lefifi, e monate haholo bakeng sa tse senyang lijalo, haholo-holo lihlekehleke tsa Colorado le li-wireworms (clicker beetle larvae). Ho fafatsa likokoana-hloko ho pholosoa likokoanyana tse fofang ka likokoanyana tse sebelisang liindasteri; ho thibela wireworm, li-tubers li hlile li phekoloa pele li lema. Hoa hlokahala hore u lengoe ka nako le melapo pakeng tsa mela e nang le joang kapa sesepa.

Ho loantšana le Colorado litapole beetle ho tla thusa lik'hemik'hale: Aktara, Corado, Regent, Molaoli, Botumo, Lehalima, Tanrek, Apache, Taboo.

Ha u ntse u hōla litapole, lik'hemik'hale tse ling li atisa ho sebelisoa ho ntlafatsa lihlahisoa kapa likokoana-hloko.

Bala tsohle ka melemo le likotsi tsa fungicides le likokoana-hloko tse hlahang lihloohong tse qaqileng tsa sebaka sa rona.

Litapole "Khosana e Ntle" - mefuta-futa e thahasellisang haholo e nkoang e le ea bohlokoa haholo ke balemi ba lirapa. Litapole li ntle bakeng sa bophelo bo botle, li ntle esita le li-tubers li ka apesoa ka lekhapetla, ka monate, ho omisa kapa ho pheha. Limela ha li atlehe ho kula le ho ikutloa hantle mobung ofe kapa ofe.

Ho na le litsela tse ngata tse thahasellisang tsa ho hōlisa litapole. Re u khothalletsa hore u tsebe litheknoloji tsa Madache ka ho pharaletseng, ho ithuta ho eketsehileng ka ho hōla tlas'a joang, ho tsoa peo, ka mekotleng, ka melikong le ka mabokoseng.

Re boetse re u fa mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea litapole ka mantsoe a fapaneng a ho butsoa:

Ho butsoa ha nako e khutšoanyanePele ho nakoBofelong ba morao
PicassoPrince ea BlackBotho
Ivan da MaryaNevskyLorch
RoccoDarlingRyabinushka
SlavyankaMorena oa lihlatsoanaNevsky
KiwiRamosSebete
CardinalTaisiyaBotle
AsterixLapotMilady
NikulinskyCapriceVectorDolphinSvitanok KievThe hostessSifraJellyRamona