Kamensky mefuta ea litapole: Maleshoane a Colorado a thata haholo!

Kajeno ho na le mefuta e fetang likete tse 4 tsa litapole. Ba bangata ba bona ba ikhethile, ba na le tatso e babatsehang, ba hanyetsa maloetse le tse senyang lijalo.

Empa, mefuta e fokolang feela ea mefuta eohle e tsebahalang e na le boleng bo hlollang - ho itšireletsa ka ho feletseng ho Colorado litapole beetle. E 'ngoe ea mefuta ena ke Kamensky - mefuta e fapa-fapaneng ea ho hlahisa malapa.

Sehloohong sena u tla fumana tlhaloso e qaqileng ea litapole, o tla tloaelana le litšoaneleho tsa eona le likarolo tse ntseng li hōla, ho ithuta hore na mafu a ka 'na a sokela mang.

Tlhaloso e sa tšoaneng

Lebitso la mabitsoKamensky
Litšobotsi tse tloaelehilengmefuta e fapaneng ea lihlahisoa tse phahameng le ho eketseha ho hanyetsa Colorado litapole beetle
Nako ea botšehaliMatsatsi a 50-60
Tšoaetso ea starch16-18%
Bongata ba li-tubers tsa khoebo110-130 gr
Palo ea li-tuber morung15-25
Tlisa500-550 c / ha
Boleng ba barekitatso e ntle
Ho tsosolosoa97%
'Mala oa letlaloe pinki
'Mala o motalamosehla o bobebe
Libaka tse ntseng li hōla tse khethiloengVolgo-Vyatka, Ural, Siberian Bophirimela
Mafu a ho hanyetsaho khoneha ho khauta litapole cyst nematode, ka tsela e itekanelang ho hanyetsa ho morao blight
Lintho tsa ho hōlae lumellana hantle le mefuta eohle ea mobu
MoqapiSetsi sa Lipatlisiso sa Ural sa Temo (Russia)

Kamensky mefuta e mengata ea litapole:

  • Peel - e khubelu, e bohale, e nang le liphatlalatso tse hlahisitsoeng ka mahareng.
  • Mahlo a boholo bo lekaneng, ketsahalo e ka ntle feela.
  • Mmala a makhasi ao a tsoa ho 'mala o mosehla ho ea mosehla.
  • Sebopeho sa tubers ke sekhahla, se omeletseng-sehlabelo, ha se lefifi ha se khaotsoe ka tšepe.
  • Setho sa starch se phahameng: 16.5-18.9%.
  • Boima ba boima ke 110-130 g, boima bo boholo ke 180 g.

Bapisa tšobotsi ena ea litapole, ha lintho tsa starch ho eona li ka bapisoa le ho sebelisa tafoleng e ka tlase:

Lebitso la mabitsoTšoaetso ea starch
Lady claire11-16%
Labella13-15%
Nōka12-16%
Gala14-16%
Zhukovsky pele10-12%
Melody11-17%
Alladinho fihlela ho 21%
Botle15-19%
Mozart14-17%
Boithabiso ba Bryansk16-18%

Sebala se setala sa sehlahla se setala, se setle, sa mofuta o ka hare. Makhasi ke a mahareng le a maholo, a thata haholo, 'mala o mofubelu o lefifi, o nang le botumo bo bobe ba bohale. Corolla e kholo, ka mebala e matla (ka nako e 'ngoe e bohareng) anthocyanin ka lehlakoreng le ka hare.

Photo

Litšoaneleho

Kamensky - e leng mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea litapole, e leng mohlomong e ntle ka ho fetisisa ho bafolisi ba Ural.

Temo e tloaelehile haholo-holo linakong tsa leholimo tse futhumetseng.

Litapole li na le bokhabane, motho a ka bolela litšobotsi tse ikhethang:

  1. Precocity. Kamensky ke mefuta e mengata ea litapole tse butsoitseng, tse fanang ka li-tubers tsa khoebo pele ho matsatsi a 60 kamora ho lema.
  2. Tlisa. E khetholletsoe ke holimo 'me, ka ho khetheha, lihlahisoa tse tsitsitseng lihlahisoa: lithane tse 50-55 ka hektare e le nngwe ea ho lema mobu. Ho lokela ho hlokomeloa hore lihlahisoa tsena li phahametse haholo ho feta mefuta e mengata ea linaheng tse ling.
  3. Ho mamellana ha komello. Kamensky tse sa tšoaneng ke komello e hanelang. Pejana tuberization e tlatsetsa lihlahisoa tse ngata esita le ka lilemo tse omileng.
  4. Litlhoko tsa mobu. Litapole tsena li fetola mefuta eohle ea mobu 'me li ka hōlileng ka tlas'a maemo afe kapa efe.
  5. Latsoang. Ka tekanyo ea lintlha tse hlano, tatso ea Kamensky e ile ea amoheloa ka boikhohomoso 4.8.
  6. Ho hana ho senya mekhoa. Ho ikhethang ha litapole tsena tsa litapole ke ho hanyetsa tšenyo. Li-tubers li na le "peele ea makhetlo a mabeli", 'me haeba karolo e ka holimo e senyehile, mapolanka a sireletsoa ke letlalo le bofubelu bo bobebe.
  7. Tšebeliso ea. Mefuta e mengata ea litapole tse fapa-fapaneng, e loketseng ho boloka.

Litapole Kamensky li na le boleng bo botle ba ho boloka (97%), empa ka boemong ba hore bo bolokoa mocheso o sa phahametseng +3 digrure. Ho seng joalo, tubers ka potlako tsosa.

Re u lokiselitse letoto la lihlooho tsa polokelo ea litapole nakong ea mariha, ka mabokoseng, ka sehatsetsing, ho phunyeletsoa le ka nako.

Tafole e ka tlase e bontša boleng ba ho boloka mefuta e meng ea litapole:

Lebitso la mabitsoNako e telele
Innovator95%
Bellarosa93%
Karatop97%
Veneta87%
Lorch96%
Margarita96%
Sebete91%
Grenada97%
Vector95%
Sifra94%

Maloetse le tse senyang lijalo

Phapang ea bohlokoa ka ho fetisisa ho tse ling tsa mefuta e mengata ea litapole ke hore Kamensky o na le bothata ba ho hanyetsa Colorado litapole beetle!

Ho phaella moo, ho na le ho hanyetsa maloetse a joalo joaloka kankere ea litapole, blight ea morao-rao ea litlhōrō le li-tubers, li-mosaic tse fapa-fapaneng le tšoaetso ea kokoana-hloko, Alternaria, Fusarium, Verticilliasis, e tloaelehileng ea scab.

Ntho e le 'ngoe feela ea litapole tsena e ka nkoa e le tšusumetso ho litatatha tsa litapole.

Ho shebella mekhoa ea temo le potoloho ea lijalo, ho lumela ho nematode ha ho lebise maloetse ebile ha ho na phello boleng ba litapole le lihlahisoa tsa eona.

Ho hlokomela Kamensky ho kenyelletsa mobu, ho nosetsa ho fokolang, ho kopanya limela le manyolo. Bala ka ho eketsehileng mabapi le hore na o tla sebelisa joang manyolo le hore na o ka o etsa joang ha u lema.

Ntle le tšebeliso ea menontsha ha ho lengoa litapole, mekhoa e meng ea agrotechnical e atisa ho sebelisoa.

Sebakeng sa rona sa marang-rang u tla fumana boitsebiso bo molemo mabapi le hore na likokoana-hloko le li-fungicide li ama lihlahisoa tsa litapole joang.

Kamensky - litapole, tse ileng tsa tsebahala linaheng tse ngata, eseng feela ka ho hanyetsa likokoanyana tse kholo tsa litapole, empa le ka tatso e babatsehang, ho butsoa pele le botsitso ba lihlahisoa tse ngata.

Ho na le litsela tse ngata tse thahasellisang tsa ho hōlisa litapole. Re u lokiselitse letoto la lihlooho tse buang ka theknoloji ea Madache, mabapi le ho hōla tlas'a joang, ka mekotla kapa mekotleng.

Re boetse re ithaopela ho itlhalosa ka mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea litapole tse nang le mantsoe a fapaneng a ho butsosa:

Bofelong ba moraoPele ho nakoBohareng ba nako
VectorMotho oa GingerbreadSeholohali
MozartTaleTuscany
SifraIlinskyYanka
DolphinLugovskoyLilac fog
KankereSantaOpenwork
RognedaIvan da ShuraDesiree
LasockColomboSantana
AuroraBontšaSefefoSkarbInnovatorAlvarMagicianKonaBreeze