Mefuta ea mebutlanyana e ntšo: tlhaloso le lifoto tsa baemeli ba molemo ka ho fetisisa

Rabbit ea malapa ke phoofolo, ea bohlokoa bakeng sa boea ba eona, mafura le nama, empa le bakeng sa moetlo oa eona oa lerato le tlhokomelo e bonolo, kahoo phoofolo ena ha e hōlisetsoe feela mapolasing bakeng sa merero ea indasteri, empa hape e hōlisitsoe e le phoofolo ea liphoofolo. Ho na le mebutlanyana e ka bang lekholo ea mebutlanyana, empa batsho ba nkoa e le ba bohlokoa ka ho fetisisa. Sehloohong sena re tšohla likarolo tse ikhethang, melao ea tlhokomelo le ho fepa, hammoho le tlhaloso ea mefuta e meholo e ratoang haholo ea mebutlanyana.

Litšobotsi tse ikhethang tsa mebutlanyana e ntšo

Botumo bo boholo ba mebutlanyana e metšo bo ile ba ba tlisetsa 'mala o motle, o khabane, o lefifi. Seaparo se boea bo entsoeng ka boea ba mebutlanyana ba batsho bo hlokahala haholo har'a bahlahisi ba lihlahisoa tsa boea (haholo-holo bakeng sa mefuta e mokhutšoanyane oa moriri). Ho phaella moo, mefuta e mabe ea libutlanyana e fapana ka tsela e fapaneng haholo ha e bapisoa le beng ka bona ba leseli.

Li-rabbits tse nang le liaparo tsa 'mala o apereng seaparo sa' mino o ikhethang haholo. Karolo e ka sehloohong ea mefuta eohle ea mefuta ea mebutlanyana (e mebala e bosoeu le e lefifi) e nepahetse ka ho khetheha le boea ba eona, e leng ea bohlokoa ho 'marakeng ka makhetlo a mangata ho feta boea ba mebala e khanyang.

Na ua tseba? 'Mala oa mmutla o itšetlehile ka hore na ke liphatsa life tsa lefutso tse ileng tsa atleha nakong ea pōpo ea lona. Ka hona, mmutla oa 'mala o mosoeu o hloekileng o na le "BB" - lihlopha tse peli tsa liphatsa tsa lefutso ka nako e le' ngoe. Ho bapisa: li-genotype "BA" (liphatsa tsa lefutso tse hlaheletseng tsa liphatsa tsa lefutso) li bolela hore ho tla ba le mebala e mabe ka 'mala oa boea. Moriti oa tsokolate oa boea o finyelloa ka ho hlophisa genotype "bb" - liphatsa tse peli tsa liphatsa tsa lefutso.

Mefuta e tloaelehileng ea mebutlanyana e metšo

Ho hlahisa mefuta e meholo e mebala e metso e macha le e lefifi ea mebutlanyana e batla e le tlaase ho mefuta e khanyang - ho na le mefuta e ka bang 20. Mefuta e metle ea mebutlanyana e metšo le litšoaneleho tsa eona e tla tšohloa ka ho qaqileng.

Seholo se sefubelu

Mofuta ona o fumane lebitso le joalo ka mabaka-mohlomong ke mofuta o kholo ka ho fetisisa har'a mebutlanyana e lefifi. Na litšobotsi tse joalo ke lipontšo tsa ka ntle?

  • boima ba 'mele: batho ba baholo - ho tloha ho 4,5 ho isa ho tse 8 lik'hilograma, 'me banna ba batla ba le boima haholo (ho fihlela ho 8.5 lik'hilograma). Boima ba basali bo boima bo ntse bo le likarolong tse 5,5-6 kg;
  • bolelele ba 'mele: Cm 60-75;
  • 'mala: o motšo, o apere junifomo, ka nako e' ngoe o na le lesela le sootho
  • seaparo se selelele: mefuta e mokhuts'oane, moriri o bolelele ba 2 cm;
  • hlooho: e kholo, e nang le litsebe tse teteaneng tsa bolelele bo bolelele;
  • mahlo: lefifi, ho pota;
  • molala: khutšoanyane, e matla, e hahiloe hantle;
  • sefuba: e tsoetseng pele, e pharaletseng. The girth ea sefubeng ke ka karolelano 38-40 cm;
  • paws: e teteaneng, e matla, e kholo (haholo-holo ho banna);
  • okrol: ka karolelano, le mebutlanyana e 7-8, e fapaneng ka ho toba (ka likhoeli tse 3 e ka ba boima ba lik'hilograma tse 2);
  • holo ea polao: Likhoeli tse 8-14;
  • lijo tsa nama: sehlahisoa se nang le sehlahisoa sa nama e le 'ngoe e ntšo e ntšo e ka bang lik'hilograma tse 4,5.
Ke habohlokoa! Sefate se seholo sa botona ha se fapane le boleng ba nama e phahameng - mebutlanyana ea mofuta ona e qalile pele ka lebaka la boea ba pele, ho theoha le letlalo.

Black New Zealand

Mefuta e mecha e ncha, e bōpiloe feela ka 1981. Le mmutla ha o e-s'o tloaelehe linaheng tsohle tsa Europe, ha ho bonolo ho fumana mofuta o joalo oa ho lema le ho rekisa. Leha ho le joalo, ho ea ka se boletsoeng esale pele ka ho ikatisa le mebutlanyana, boemo bona bo tla lokisoa ka hare ho lilemo tse 5-7, mme mefuta ea Black New Zealand e tla abeloa lipaleng tsohle tsa Europe tsa meutlanyana.

Tseba nama e ntle ka ho fetisisa, ho khabisa, boea le ho theola mefuta e mengata ea mebutlanyana.

Likarolo tse fapaneng tsa mefuta ena ke:

  • boima ba 'mele: lik'hilograma tse 5 ho banna ba baholo le ho fihlela ho tse 4,5 ho basali;
  • bolelele ba 'mele: ho fihlela ho lisenthimithara tse 55;
  • Mobala: Boea bo bofubelu bo bofubelu, bo se nang moriri o sootho kapa o mofubelu;
  • seaparo se selelele: ha se ka tlase ho 4 cm, ka hona, se bua ka moriri o molelele. Ka lebaka la bolelele ba moriri ona, ba New Zealand ba shebahala ba le boima ho feta boima ba 'ona;
  • hlooho: e kholo, e boima. Litsebe li bōpehile ka V, li le bolelele ba lisenthimithara tse 12;
  • mahlo: e kholo, e lefifi, e pota-potileng (e nyenyane feela);
  • molala: e bonolo, e pharaletseng;
  • sefuba: e mahlahahlaha, e pharaletseng, e matla le linama. Ho roala - ho fihlela ho 33 cm;
  • paws: e teteaneng, e matla, e nang le pad e kholo;
  • okrol: 5-6 bana ba mebutlanyana;
  • ho bolaoa ha bonyane: bonyane likhoeli tse 12;
  • lijo tsa nama: New Zealand ea lilemo li le seng e fana ka lik'hilograma tse 4,5 tsa nama e hloekileng.
Mofuta ona ke mohlala o motle oa mekhoa e metle ea mebutlanyana le ea khutso. New Zealand ba tumme ka ho hanyetsa ha bona mafu - ba mamella maemo a batang haholo le maemo a mabe a leholimo hantle.

Sehlopha sa batsho

Mofuta ona o na le tlase ho lilemo tse lekholo - o ile oa bonahala ka ho tšela le mebutlanyana ea Alaska ea mefuta e mengata. Ha e na moriri o motle haholo, empa hape o na le nama e monate le e monate.

Na ua tseba? Rabbit ea Viennese e ntšo e na le mefuta e metle ea likarolo tsa 'mele, boleng ba boea le mesifa e tsoetseng pele. Ho fapana le bokhabane le lesela le boreleli, "cat" ea morao. Ke mefuta e mongobo ea Vienna e atisang ho hlōla mebutlanyana ea tlhōlisano.
Litšoaneleho tsa lihloliloeng ke:
  • boima ba 'mele: ho fihlela ho ba 5.5 kg ba batona. Tse tšehali li atisa ho ba boima ba lik'hilograma tse 4,5;
  • bolelele ba 'mele: 45-50 cm;
  • Mobala: boea bo bofubelu bo bofubelu bo bofubelu bo nang le tšepe, e leng moriti o khanyang;
  • seaparo se selelele: moriri ho fihlela ho 2-2.5 cm (e sebetsa ho shorthair);
  • hlooho: e kholo ho feta ha e bapisoa le 'mele, e boima. Litsebe li bōpehile joaloka V, bolelele ba tsona bo ka ba 11 cm;
  • mahlo: mokhoa o nepahetseng, o fetisisang hanyenyane. Hangata 'mala oa lefifi;
  • molala: e hlalositsoe ka mokhoa o fokolang, e phalla hantle ka morao, e etsa sekoti se setle;
  • sefuba: e pharaletseng haholo le e matla, ea mesifa. Volume - 32-36 cm;
  • paws: e nyenyane, e kholo ebile e matla;
  • okrol: Le mebutlanyana la 5-7;
  • holo ea polao: Likhoeli tse 11-14;
  • lijo tsa nama: hoo e ka bang 4-4.5 lik'hilograma tsa nama e hloekileng.

Metsoho e mosoeu

Mofuta oa mebutlanyana, o bōpehileng mehleng ea Soviet (hoo e ka bang ka 1942). Lintho tse ka sehloohong tse hlokahalang bakeng sa ho hlaha ha mofuta ona e ne e le ho hanyetsa hantle maemong a batang haholo le mafu a mang.

Tlhokahalo ea ho ba boea bo bofubelu bo bofubelu ka nako eo e bakoa ke tlhokahalo e kholo ea liaparo le li-furs tse entsoeng ka fox folifoil; ka lebaka leo, bahlahisi ba malapa ba ne ba tobane le boikarabelo ba ho ntša mebutlanyana e meholo e nang le boleng ba boleng bo phahameng, bo neng bo ke ke ba lahleheloa ke tatso ea eona. Ho ne ho khoneha ho rarolla bothata bona ka ho tšela mefuta e mengata ea White Giant, Flandre le Vienna Blue.

Bala ka ho eketsehileng ka melao ea ho boloka le ho fepa le mebutlanyana ea mefuta e mebala e bosoeu.

Ponahalo e bofubelu ea mebutlanyana e na le likarolo tse joalo tse khethollang:

  • boima ba 'mele: boholo - ho fihlela ho 7 lik'hilograma. Ka karolelano boima ba lik'hilograma tse 5,5 ho ba batona le lik'hilograma tse 4,5 ho basali;
  • bolelele ba 'mele: Cm 45-55;
  • Mobala: e ntšo e nang le li-splashes tse sootho (e ka ba letheba kapa e "arotsoe" ka mebala-ka mohlala, hlooho le sefuba li ntšo, 'me' mele le mohatla li sootho);
  • seaparo se selelele: ho fihlela ho 3 cm (e bua ka mefuta e tloaelehileng ea boea). Ho fapana boea bo boima haholo - boea bo ka holimo ho 23,000 ka 1 cm ea letlalo;
  • hlooho: e matla, e lekana le 'mele. Metse e telele (ho fihlela ho 12 cm), ema ka ho toba;
  • mahlo: lefifi, le leholo, le ka 'na la e-ba le ho qhekelloa ho fokolang;
  • molala: e nyenyane, e nyenyane, e phalla hantle 'meleng;
  • sefuba: e pharaletseng, e le mesifa, e ka ba le demox e eketsehileng;
  • paws: nako e telele, e matla, e otlolohileng. Lipatane li pharaletseng ebile li matla;
  • okrol: Le mebutlanyana la 5-8;
  • holo ea polao: Likhoeli tse 10-13;
  • lijo tsa nama: net ho 5,5 lik'hilograma.
E le molao, mokokotlo le hlooho ea mebutlanyana e masoeu e na le 'mala o mosoeu, ha brisket le maoto a sootho. Mofuta ona o tumme ka boea ba boleng ba boleng bo botle 'me bo botle bo holimo (ho na le li-fiber tse ka tlaase ho tse 45 tse theoleloang ka moriri oa moriri).
Ke habohlokoa! Mefuta e joalo ea mebutlanyana e kang Vienna Black le New Zealand Black e ananeloa haholo ka 'mala oa bona oa seaparo. Ka nako e 'ngoe baemeli ba mefuta ena ba fumana moriri oa' mala o mofubelu kapa o tsokolate, e leng lihoai tse sa tšepahaleng feela tse li hulang ka likhahla e le hore boleng le boleng ba mefuta e fokotsehe nakong ea ts'ebetsong. Ha u reka liphoofolo tsena, hlahloba ka hloko moriri oa liphoofolo: ho ba teng ha libaka tse nyenyane tsa bald ho ka bontša hore phoofolo ena e ntšitse moriri oa 'mala o phatsimang. Haeba u kena boemong bo joalo, u se ke ua tsilatsila ho ba le theko e tlaase 'me u batle theko e fokolang: hopola hore ho ba teng ha moriri kapa moriri o bobebe lipakeng tse boletsoeng ka holimo ho bontša ponahalo e sa hloekang ea mofuta kapa boteng ba mafu a itseng.

Mollo o motšo

Pono e khanyang le e ntle haholo, e fumanoang Engelane qetellong ea lekholong la XIX la lilemo. Liphoofolo tsena tse frisky le tse bapalang li ile tsa hlaseloa ka ho ikatisa senatla sa Belgian le mebutlanyana ea sebakeng seo. Baemeli ba mefuta e mabeli ea mollo ba na le litšobotsi tse latelang:

  • boima ba 'mele: banna ba baholo ho fihlela ho 3.5-4 lik'hilograma (e sebetsa ho mefuta e mahareng ea mefuta e meng). Tsehali li ka fumana boima ba lik'hilograma tse 3;
  • bolelele ba 'mele: Cm 35-38;
  • Mobala: e lefifi, le libaka tse khanyang sebakeng sa mpa, nko le ka ntle ea litsebe. Ho kopana ha mmala o lefifi o khanyang ka bofubelu bo fapaneng ho fana ka khanya le ho khotsofatsa ha mofuta ona;
  • seaparo se selelele: pono e khutšoanyane. Moriri o bolelele - ho fihlela ho 2 cm;
  • hlooho: e nyane, e entsoeng hantle, e lekanang le e nepahetseng, e fokolang haholo. Litsebe li eme, bolelele ba 10-11 cm;
  • mahlo: tse nyenyane, tse pota-potileng, hangata li le lefifi;
  • molala: e khutsoanyane, e phalla hantle ka morao;
  • sefuba: tse nyane le tse fokolang. Mokokotlo o monate, o omeletseng ka boreleli;
  • paws: e matla, e matla, e behiloe hantle. Pente e bonolo ebile e pharaletseng;
  • okrol: 4-5 le mebutlanyana ea bana;
  • holo ea polao: likhoeli tse ka tlaase ho 12;
  • lijo tsa nama: ho fihlela ho lik'hilograma tse 3 tsa nama e hloekileng.
Ithute ho eketsehileng ka le mebutlanyana a mollo.

Feela joaloka mefuteng e meng e lefifi, ho ba teng ha moriri o bobebe o mosesaane ka mmutla o motšo ho nkoa e le lenyalo la moloko.

Hlokomelo le ho fepa

Tlhokomelo le tlhokomelo ea mefuta e meholo ea mebutlanyana ha e fapane le tlhokomelo ea mefuta ea tsona e mebala-bala. Melao ea motheo ea ho boloka mefuta eohle ea mmutla ke phepo e nepahetseng, maeto a letsatsi le letsatsi le tšireletso ho lirafshoa.

Re u eletsa hore u bale ka mokhoa oa ho nosetsa le mebutlanyana ka metsi, ke eng e tlatsetsang eo u e hlokang ho ba fa, ho fepa le mebutlanyana joang, joang bo fepa le mebutlanyana, hape o fumana hore na ke li-vithamine tseo u lokelang ho li fa le mebutlanyana.

Lintho tse ka sehloohong tse hlahang ka har'a lihlopha tsena tse fokolang:

  1. Lijo Ho ba teng ha lijo-thollo tse omeletseng le furu (hammoho le peō le limela tsa soneblomo, linate, tjhoko le granules), hammoho le joang bo mongobo, meroho, litholoana tse ling (liapole), 'me karolelano ea lijo tse omileng / lero e lokela ho ba karolo ea lijo tse omeletseng. 2-3 lero.
  2. Metsi Esita le ho fihlella ha liphoofolo ho fihlela bosiu le joang, ba hloka metsi a tloaelehileng a ho noa (feela a sa batang). Ka ho hloka mongobo 'meleng oa phoofolo, mekhoa e sa tsitseng e tla etsahala e ka lebisang lefung la mmutla. Ho feta moo, ho shoa ha masea a sa tsoa tsoaloa kapa ho bolaoa ke tlhaho ea nama ho basali (ha a ja bana ba hae) ho etsahala hantle ka lebaka la khaello ea metsi 'meleng.
  3. Boima ba lijo. 'Mutla ke phoofolo e jang kamehla, motšehare le motšehare. Mekhoa ea hae ea ho tsoma e ntlafalitsoe haholo, kahoo o tla qala ho ja ho pota mapolanka, polasetiki, lik'habote le ntho e 'ngoe le e' ngoe e fumanoang tseleng ea hae. Ka lebaka la takatso ena ea ho hlafuna, liphoofolo tsena li atisa ho ja haholo. Hoo e ka bang 200 g ea furu, 150 g ea lijo-thollo le 0,4 lik'hilograma tsa joang bo bocha li nkoa e le litekanyetso tsa letsatsi le letsatsi tsa mmutla oa lilograma tse tharo.
  4. Ho fula. Litsebong li hloka nako e ngata ea likoloi, kahoo li hloka sebaka se lekaneng sa ho tsamaea. Haeba phoofolo e koaletsoe lapeng, e lokela ho lumelloa ho tsamaea ka metsotso e 20 ka letsatsi.
  5. Lethathamo la tšireletso. Mocheso le lirapa ke lira tse ka sehloohong tsa liphoofolo tsena. Mocheso o phahameng oa phoofolo ke 25 + +27 ° C, ho joalo le ka matsatsi a chesang ho hlokahala hore phoofolo e be le bolulo letsatsing le tobileng (ho haha ​​ntlo kapa ntlo e khethehileng). Mokhoa oa ho ngola, haholo-holo nakong ea mariha, o ka lebisa ho kula le lefu la phoofolo - e le hore u lokisa mekhoa ea mmutla kapa u e behe ka bonyane (bonyane mariha).
Video: lisebelisoa tsa ho ikatisa Lutlatsi ke tsa bohlokoa haholo le liphoofolo tse ruuoang tsa liphoofolo tse hlokang molato tse sebelisanang hantle le batho 'me ha li hloke lisebelisoa tse khethehileng kapa maemo a "sethopo" bakeng sa tlhokomelo ea bona.

Botumo ba mefuta e meholo ea mebutlanyana bo bakoa ke litšoaneleho tsa bona, mebala e lefifi - ke mefuta ena e amohelang meputso litlhōlisanong tse sa tšoaneng. Leha ho le joalo, litaba tsa bona li bonolo joaloka mefuta e bonolo - esita le mohoai oa li-novice a ka sebetsana le sena.