Meriana ea meriana saxurey (gorkusha)

Limela tse ngata, ho phaella mesebetsing ea khabiso, li boetse li na le phello ea meriana 'meleng oa motho. E 'ngoe ea tsona ke sausurey, kapa gorkusha. Ena hase eona setlama se setle haholo se tummeng haholo har'a balateli ba meriana ea setso. A re fumane hore na ho shebahala joang, ho bohlokoa hakae, ho e lokisetsa joang, le hore na ho na le lipelaelo tse ling tsa lisekisi tse jang.

Tlhaloso ea botanical

Saussurea (Selatinurea), kapa Gorkush, e bua ka joang bo sa feleng ba lelapa la Astrov kapa la Compositae. Ke semela ho fihlela ho cm 60 cm, ho phalla ka June-July, ka linako tse ling ho fihlela ka September. E na le litšobotsi tse latelang:

  • li-stems - tse nang le makhapetla a fissionable le li-spiderweb-pubtedcence;
  • makhasi - lanceolate, tse ling, sessile, ho tloha ka ho feletseng ho pinnorassisechennyh, 'mala o motala o lefifi;
  • lipalesa - ho kopanela liphate, li-tubulare, hangata li pinki kapa li-violet tinge, li kopantsoe le li-inflorescences ka mofuta oa libaskete, li na le masoha;
  • litholoana ke achene e sootho le parachute e batlang e le telele haholo.
  • motso - oody, bophara ho fihlela ho 3 cm.

Na ua tseba? Peō e pherese e pherese ea Ramishe Serbian e bitsoa "phoenix" bakeng sa ho khona ho tsosoa bophelong ka mor'a ho omisa ka ho feletseng. Koranta ea botala ea Russia ea 1928 e bua ka nyeoe ha metsi a ne a otla herbarium ka semela sena ka phoso, 'me lipalesa tse ommeng li ile tsa thunya!

Ho aroloa le sebaka

E hōla Europe, Asia le North America. Hangata e fumanoa Siberia, Altai, Transbaikalia le Asia Bohareng. Hangata li lula libakeng tsa liphula tsa steppe le lithaba. Mefuta e mengata ea saxurey e hōla maboteng a thaba a lithaba le a tlaase-tlas'a mehaho, mekotla le majoe, maqhubu a majoe le lithaba tsa lithaba.

Ho itšetlehile ka mefuta e fapa-fapaneng, e ka lula marung a letsoai le li-solonets (marotholi a bohloko le a letsoai), le lithabeng tse bophahamong ba lik'hilomithara tse ka bang hlano (gnafaliform le glacial). Semela sena se hlollang se ka fumanoa Himalaya, Tibet, Tien Shan, Pamir, Karakorum.

Lik'hemik'hale

Likokoana-hloko tsa semela li ile tsa qala ho ithutoa ka ho qaqileng feela ka mor'a hore li khetholle thepa ea eona e molemo bakeng sa 'mele oa motho. Ho ea ka lipatlisiso, sassyurea e na le:

  • li-tannins - ho fihlela ho 2%;
  • sesquiterpene lactones (yanerin, repin, cinaropicrin) - 2,5%;
  • flavonoids (apigenin, quercetin, hyperoside) - hoo e ka bang 1%.

Ho phaella moo, semela sena se na le li-acids (ho akarelletsa le citric, succinic, le malic), oli e hlokahalang, coumarins (esculetine le umbelliferone), alkaloids (cossyurin le cushtin), triterpene saponins (amyrin le oleanolic acid aglycones). Ho na le mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea likokoana-hloko, tse ka sehloohong tsa tsona:

  • zinc (Zn);
  • magnesium (Mg);
  • tšepe (Fe);
  • koporo (Cu).

Na ua tseba? Mohlomong, bohle ba tseba melemo ea blueberries bakeng sa mahlo. Leha ho le joalo, ho phaella moo, ke e 'ngoe ea litsela tse ka sehloohong tsa phekolo ea malapeng bakeng sa phekolo ea mafu a bohloko a intestinal. Sena se tlatsetsa litabeng tsa eona tse phahameng tse khahlanong le ho ruruha, astringent le tannins.

Mefuta e tloaelehileng ea bohloko

  1. Ivolist Bophahamo ba joang bo fihla ho 40-60 cm, bo arolelitse makhasi le lipalesa tse pinki kapa tse pinki. E fumanoa libakeng tsa Altai, Yakutia, Buryatia, Irkutsk le Chita, Krasnoyarsk Territory. E hōla metseng, lithabeng le li-steppes tsa lithaba. Ke karolo ea lefatše feela ea semela e folisang thepa.
  2. Bohloko Boima ba limela - 15-60 cm. Palo e matla le e otlolohileng, lipalesa tse pinki le tse tšoeu. E phunya ho tloha ka July ho ea ho September. E fumanoa libakeng tsa steppe le solonchak tsa Bochabela bo Hōle, Asia Bohareng, Ukraine, Siberia Bophirimela le karolo ea Europe ea Russia. Meriana ea semela e na le motso.
  3. Burdock. Boima ba lisenthimithara tse 60, motso oa semela o fumanoe o sebelisoa merianeng ea setso.
  4. Ho phuthetsoe Botle ba lehlaka - 10-35 cm. Matheba - sekoti, se nang letho, se nama. Lipalesa li na le bohlooho-bopherese bo boholo ba hoo e ka bang 1.5 cm. E thunya ka July le ka August. E hlaha marung a majoe, majoana a tloaelehileng, a tloaelehileng Siberia Bochabela.

Lintho tse molemo

Litlolo le li-decoctions tse bohloko li na le lisebelisoa tse latelang:

  • li-antibacterial le li-immunomodulatory effects;
  • ketso e sa tšabehang (e khahlanong le tšohanyetso);
  • khahlanong le ho ruruha ha liphello;
  • tloaela maemo a li-hormone;
  • ho ntlafatsa sebete, ho ba le phello ea choleretic;
  • laola phekolo ea k'holeseterole;
  • e potlakisa metabolism 'me e thusa ho loantša boima bo feteletseng.

Ho phatlalatsoa hore li-antiparasitic effect e bakoa ke hore karolo ea limela tsa semela e senya leseli la ka ntle la lisele tsa helminth, tse lebisang lefung la tsona (pinworms, li-roundworm, opistorha, Giardia).

Lithethefatsi tsa antiparasitic le lipeo tsa apricot, peo ea mahapu, eiee e khubelu, li-birch, le lifeiga.

Polysaccharides le li-acid tse nang le sausurea li kenya letsoho ho matlafatsang tšoaetso ea mafu a mabeli, ho hatella ketso ea pathogenic libaktheria le ntlafatso ea mala a entsoeng microflora. Steroid metsoako ea setlama ka katleho e ama ho senyeha ha boleng bo tlaase ba lipoprotein, e leng ntho ea bohlokoa bakeng sa tahlehelo ea boima ba 'mele.

Ke habohlokoa! Pele o kenya sassureyu bakeng sa moriana, etsa bonnete ba hore o buisana le ngaka ya hao. Sena ke sa bohlokoa haholo haeba o e-na le maloetse a tebileng le a sa foleng.

Mekhoa ea bongaka

Lihlahisoa tsa mefuta ea batho, e 'nile ea sebelisoa ka nako e telele sausurey bakeng sa phekolo le thibelo ea maloetse a mangata. Bakeng sa merero ea bongaka, motso oa semela le karolo e holim'a eona e sebelisitsoe.

Pheko e sebelisoa ho phekola mafu a latelang:

  • Giardiasis, opisthorchiasis le likokoana-hloko;
  • toxoplasmosis;
  • mafu a manonyeletso - rheumatism, polyarthritis;
  • mathata a lijo-thollo - colitis, gastritis, letšollo;
  • mafu a letlalo;
  • lefu la bronchitis le mafu a mang a pulmone;
  • ho ruruha, ts'ebetso e phahameng;
  • ho tlōla mekhoa ea metsolic;
  • ho fokotsa mafu le malapa a malaria.

Litlhōlisano

Mafu a mang, psychosis e ka ba kotsi bophelong ba batho. Ha ea lokela ho sebelisoa ha:

  • thrombophlebitis;
  • ho eketseha ha viscosity ea mali;
  • maloetse a mala;
  • ho qeta nako e telele;
  • khatello ea kelello.
Ho boetse ho thibetsoe ho ja bana ba bohloko, basali ba nang le bokhachane le ba tlokotsing. Ka tlhokomelo e kholo e lokela ho sebelisoa semela sena ka mokhoa oa ho itšoara hantle. 'Me leha ho le joalo u se ke ua sebelisa pokello e fetotsoeng.

Ke habohlokoa! Haeba u e-ba le litla-morao tse kang ho nyefoloa ke pelo, ho ferekanya ha moriana, ho tsuba, ho ba letlalo, u lokela ho khaotsa ho nka sassureyi le ho batla thuso ho setsi sa bongaka.

Ho kotula le ho boloka thepa e tala

Metso ea gorkusha e chekiloe ka ho oa, ha makhasi le mahlaka a semela a shoa. Ka mor'a hore ba cheke, ba lokela ho hloekisoa ka ho feletseng mobung, ho hloekisoa, ho sithabetsoa ka thipa le ho omisoa ka kamoreng e lefifi le e nang le ventilated. Tiisa bonnete ba hore semela ha se tlas'a tšusumetso ea letsatsi, ho seng joalo e tla lahleheloa ke pholiso ea eona. Sefate sa Sausurean burdock Raw materials e ka boela ea omisoa ka sesebelisoa sa motlakase mocheso o sa phahametseng 45-50 di Celsius.

Tsejoa ka mekhoa e metle ea limela tse 10 tse tummeng ka ho fetisisa tsa meriana: echinacea, ntja ea phahama, chamomile, horseradish, valerian, lekhala, koena, sage, hawthorn le lengana.

Joang bo bokelloa nakong ea lipalesa - ho tloha mathoasong a lehlabula ho isa ho September. Limela li khaola ka thipa kapa pruner botlaaseng. Lipalesa le makhasi a sehiloe 'me a omisitsoe ka mocheso o mosesaane holim'a sephara sebakeng se lefifi, se nang le moea o motlakase. E le hore lintho tse tala li se na mongobo ebile li bolile, ho hlokahala hore li sisinyehe nako le nako.

Lihlahisoa tsa litlama li lokela ho bolokoa ka mokotla o entsoeng ka lesela la tlhaho kapa lesela la khalase. Setjhaba sa bophelo - ha se sa feta lilemo tse peli.

Kahoo, hona joale u tseba, ke eng e thusang mososete le kamoo e amang 'mele oa motho kateng. Leha ho le joalo, u se ke ua lebala hore pheko leha e le efe e ka ba meriana le chefo. E itšetlehile ka litekanyo le bophelo ba hau bo botle. Ka hona, pele u sebelisa mokhoa ofe kapa ofe oa meriana ea setso u lokela ho buisana le ngaka e tšoanelehang. U tla phela hantle!