Joang ho pheha nightshade jeme: risepe

Batho ba 'nile ba tseba nako e telele ka thepa ea meriana le ea phepo e nepahetseng ea nertshade ea batsho' me ba ithutile ho sebelisa limela tsa eona tse tala le litholoana meriana ea setso, hammoho le ho etsa li-sauces, ho boloka, jeme le ho tlatsa lihlahisoa tsa ho baka ho monokotsoai. Sehloohong sena re tla hlalosetsa ho etsa jeme ho litholoana tsena, hammoho le melemo ea 'mele.

Tlhaloso

Nightshade ke setlama sa selemo le selemo ho fihlela ho mithara e lekaneng, e fumanoang hohle sebakeng sa k'honthinente ea Eurasia, ntle le libakeng tse ka leboea. Libaka tseo a li ratang haholo-lirapa, lirapa tsa serapa, mobu o nonneng, lebōpo la metsi. Limela tsa limela li tiile, li na le li-pubescent. Ho na le maqephe a tloaelehileng a mahlaseli a mangata ho fihlela ho lisenthimithara tse 13 bolelele le ho fihlela ho lisenthimithara tse 8 ka bophara.

Lipalesa tse nyenyane tse tšoeu li kopantsoe ka li-inflorescences tse kobehileng ka likhele. Litholoana li ba batsho, ka linako tse ling li tšoeu ebile li le tala, li pota, ho fihlela ho 1 cm ka boholo le lero haholo. Nako ea lipalesa - likhoeli tsohle tsa lehlabula, fruiting e qala ka July 'me e fela ka October.

Ke habohlokoa! Likarolo tsohle tsa nightshade tse ntšo, ntle le li-monokotsoai tse butsoitseng ka botlalo, li na le mahlaba a chefo, ho itšoara ka tsela ena ka semela sena sa moriana ha ho amohelehe. Litokisetso tse thehiloeng semeleng sena li lokela ho ngoloa feela ke ngaka, 'me li lokela ho sebelisoa hantle ho ea ka tekanyo e behiloeng.

Lintlha tse phahameng tsa likarolo tse latelang li fumanoe li monokotsoai, joang le makhasi a semela:

  • mebala le li-tannins;
  • carotene;
  • tsoekere;
  • li-acids;
  • Dulkamarin (glycoside e bohloko);
  • glycoalkaloids (solanine, solacein).

Fumana hore na sebaka se setle sa nightshade ke eng, mme ke lintho life tse bonolo tsa ho lema lapeng?

Ka lebaka la litšoaneleho tsa eona tsa meriana, nightshade e thathamisitsoe har'a limela tsa meriana. Litholoana li na le lisebelisoa tse latelang tsa pholiso:

  • choleretic;
  • antipyretic;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • expectorant;
  • antirheumatic;
  • sedative;
  • diuretic;
  • ho se hloekise;
  • ho hlatsoa.

Ha nightshade e na le lisebelisoa tsa antipyretic: khauta ea silevera, barberry, Rhodiola rosea, mahlaseli, li-blackberry, viburnum, cornel, heather, sloes.

Ja litholoana, hammoho le karolo e ka holimo ea semela ka mokhoa oa li-decoctions, infusions le lero li khothalletsoa bakeng sa mathata a latelang a bophelo bo botle:

  • atherosclerosis;
  • dyspepsia;
  • khatello ea kelello;
  • maloetse a tsamaiso ea genitourinary;
  • lefu la sethoathoa;
  • mafu a letlalo;
  • mathata a tsamaiso ea methapo;
  • maloetse a ts'oaetso ea mali (kankere ea mali);
  • li-syndromes tsa bohloko;
  • pyelitis;
  • 'metso;
  • likhahla tse senyang.

Mafura a tsoang makhasi a phekolo ea semela:

  • lichen;
  • li pheha;
  • lilonda le maqeba a hlabang.

Na ua tseba? Moprofesa oa Senyesemane Vik Morris (Mokhatlo oa Lipatlisiso tsa Lijo, UK) o bontšitse bokhoni ba li-pectin ka apulo, plum, apricot, black currant le jam ea nightshade ho thibela ho hōla ha lisele tsa kankere, ka lebaka la protheine ea galectin-3 e fumanoang ho tsona.

Melemo ea nightshade

Litlhahiso tse hlalositsoeng ka holimo li na le molemo oa semela tse nang le lijo tse tsoang ho eona, haholo-holo, solanaceous jeme. Likopanong tse ngata tsa mefuta ea phekolo ea meriana, e eletsoa hore e je letsatsi le leng le le leng ho fihlela ho tse hlano tsa li-tablespoons tsa jeme ho tloha ho litholoana tsa lero tse nang le lintlha tse latelang:

  • ho hloekisa 'mele oa chefo;
  • e le ntho e tloaelehileng;
  • molao oa khatello ea mali;
  • e le pheko ea ho patoa;
  • e le khahlanong le ho ruruha;
  • motlakase oa ho hlophisa mali;
  • sedative e bonolo;
  • ka makhetlo a mangata a hlooho;
  • tlas'a khatello;
  • ho thibela chefo ea menoana (sorbent ea tlhaho).

Ho tloaeleha ha khatello ea mali ho boetse ho tlatsetsa ho: mantle a cantaloupe, li-champign, lipalesa tsa ciliegia, likhaseli, chervil, basil, beet, makhasi, celandine.

Lijo

Hona joale u bolelle ka ho toba kamoo u lokelang ho pheha monate ona oa phekolo. Ntlha ea pele, re bontša lisebelisoa tse hlokahalang bakeng sa jeme, hammoho le lisebelisoa tsa mofuta ofe le lisebelisoa tse tla hloka.

U tla hloka:

  • 1.5 kilogram ea litholoana tse butsoitseng;
  • 1.5 kilogramme ea tsoekere;
  • li-colander kapa sieve tsa ho hlatsoa monokotsoai;
  • senepa se nang le sekwahelo bakeng sa ho pheha jeme (pan).
  • ho shebella ho tlosa foam ka holim'a jeme nakong ea ho lokisetsa;
  • khaba bakeng sa ho kopanya monokotsoai;
  • sterilized 0.5 litha e le nngwe linkho;
  • lihlapa tse khabisoang ka mefuta-futa;
  • seamer.

Na ua tseba? Mefuta e ka bang 1 400 ea limela ke ea lelapa la Solanaceae, mme semela se le seng sa nightshade se ka hlahisa lipeo tse fetang mashome a mararo ka nako.

Ho pheha jeme ka mehato

E latelang ke mohope oa mehato ea ho pheha sehlahisoa:

  1. Ho nka monokotsoai o nkiloeng ho tloha makhasi le litholoana tse senyehileng kapa tse sa butsoang, ho kenya ka sieve kapa colander, le ho hlatsoa tlas'a metsi a phallang. Lumella metsi ho tsoa ka ho feletseng.
  2. Tšela tsoekere ka tlase ea pan 'me u lule u otlolohile ka khaba ho etsa sethara sa hoo e ka bang 1 cm.
  3. Ebe u tšela monokotšoai oa monokotsoai ka mposo ea tsoekere le ho e boreleli.
  4. Mefuta e meng ea tsoekere le monokotsoai, ho li beha ka khaba.
  5. Fafatsa karolo e ka hodimo ea monokotsoai ka mocheso oa tsoekere le holimo ka holim'a metsi.
  6. Koahela 'me u tlohele ho phahamisa lero bakeng sa lihora tse 8-10.
  7. Ka mor'a nako ena, kopanya monokotsoai le lero le lokolitsoeng le lihlahisoa tsa tsoekere e sa qhibilihang.
  8. Apare setofo ebe o fetisa mollo o hare, o hlohlelletsa motsoako.
  9. Ho tloha nakong ea ho pheha, fokotsa mocheso 'me u phehele metsotso e 20-30, ue hlohlelletsa kamehla le ho tlosa skimmer ea skimming ka skimmer.
  10. Tšela lijo tse phethehileng ka linkho tse nang le mefuta e mengata 'me u li rute ho sebelisa seamer tse nang le li-canning lids.

Video: Strawberry Jam

Ke habohlokoa! Nightshade e na le lik'hilojule tse kholo - hoo e ka bang lik'hilograma tse 220 ka ligrama tse 100 tsa sehlahisoa, kahoo ho sebelisoa ha monate ona hangata ha ho lakatsehe bakeng sa batho ba batlang ho theola boima ba 'mele.

Lijo tsa phepelo ea joamane le lisebelisoa tse ling

Ho ntlafatsa phello ea pholiso ea jeme ea nightshade 'meleng, hammoho le ho ntlafatsa tatso ea eona, u ka lokisa monate ona ka ho eketsa lihlahisoa tse ling tse molemo, tse kang lemon peel le quince. Ka tlase ke lipepepe bakeng sa ho etsa lijo tse nang le lijo tse nang le lisebelisoa tse kopaneng.

Re u kgothaletsa hore o tsebise diresepe bakeng sa ho etsa raspberry, mandarin, blackthorn, hawthorn, gooseberry, mokopu, pere, tšoeu ea ciliegia, quince, Manchurian, red currant le fragole jeme mepepe.

Khauta ea seaparo se nang le lemon

Sebopeho sa lihlahisoa:

  • 1 kilogram ea litholoana tsa moahelani;
  • 1 kilogram ea tsoekere e granulated;
  • 1 peel lemon, grated ka grater e ntle;
  • lero la 1 lemon;
  • 1-2 mekotla ea vanilla tsoekere.

Ts'ebetso:

  1. Enume monokotsoai, hlatsoa tlas'a metsi 'me u lumelle metsi ho tsoa.
  2. Tšela litholoana ka pan 'me u kopanye le tsoekere. Emela ema lihora tse 10.
  3. Hlohlelletsa se ka hare ho 'pan' me u phehe ka litekanyetso tse 2-3 ka metsotso e 5, le nako ea lihora tse hlano pakeng tsa litekanyetso, ho hlohlelletsa kamehla le ho tlosa foam.
  4. Nakong ea phomolo ea ho qetela, eketsa lemon peel, grated ka grater e ntle, 'me lero le phunyeletse ho eona.
  5. Pele o tlosa mocheso oa mocheso ka sehlahisoa se feliloeng, ho hlokahala hore u kenye tsoekere ea vanilla mme u kopanya ntho e 'ngoe le e' ngoe.
  6. Tšela jeme ka linkho 'me u qete.

Ke habohlokoa! Li-berries tse butsoitseng tsa nightshade, sesebelisoa se kotsi solanine ha se eo e leng sieo; ka lebaka leo, ho lumelloa ho ja tholoana feela e butsoitseng ka ho feletseng.

Nightshade Jam le Quince

Lijo:

  • 1 kilogram ea monokotšoai oa nightshade;
  • 1.5 kilogramme ea tsoekere;
  • 1.5 likhalase tsa metsi a hloekisitsoeng;
  • Likotoana tse 6 tsa litholoana tsa quince tsa boholo bo bohareng;
  • 1 lemon;
  • 1 e fokolang ea barberry monokotsoai (ka khetho);
  • vanillin ntlheng ea thipa.

Litaelo ka mehato:

  1. Li-berries li hlophisa, li hlatsoa tlas'a metsi ka colander ebe li omella.
  2. Hlatsoa quince, peel, grate ka seaplane grater.
  3. Hlatsoa lemon 'me u phunyeletse ka grinder ea nama hammoho le zest.
  4. Kopanya nightshade, grated quince, lemon e sothehileng 'me eketsa motsoako litholoana tsa barberry.
  5. Tlohela ho fana ka lihora tse 5.
  6. Eketsa tsoekere 'me u tšollele metsi, kopanya u phehe metsotso e 30 ka mocheso o mofuthu.
  7. Tlosa mocheso 'me u eme lihora tse ling tse 12.
  8. Ka mor'a nako e behiloeng, beha hape mollo 'me u phehe metsotso e meng e 30.
  9. Qetellong ea ho pheha eketsa vanilla.
  10. Tšela sehlahisoa se chesang se chesang maboteng 'me u qete.
Bala kamoo u ka lokisetsang mariha compote ea cherries, lero ho morara, khubelu currant jelly, currants le mahapu.

Seo u ka se fang

The jeme ho ea ka diresepe tse ka holimo ke e lekaneng e teteaneng le monko o monate. E ka sebelisoa ka mokhoa o hloekileng, ka tee kapa lebese, kapa e kenyelitsoe e le ho tlatsa li-pies, ho koala li-casseroles, ho phuthetsoe ka li-pancake tse tšesaane le ho eketsoa ho li-dessert le ice cream.

Ke habohlokoa! Litlhaloso tse amanang le tšebeliso ea lithethefatsi ho tloha ho nightshade ke ho hloka mamello ka bomong, bana ba ka tlaase ho lilemo tse 5, bokhachane le lactation.

Ka hona, ha ho na mocha o mocha feela o sebelisetsoang merero ea bongaka, empa hape o na le litlolo tse monate tse entsoeng ka monokotšoai oa eona. Leka ho etsa jeme ho li-monokotsoai ho ea ka lirepepe tsa rona, 'me u tla bona hore ho li sebelisa ho tla boloka bophelo bo botle bo le boemong bo botle.