Lintlha le litlhahiso tsa li-mushroom tsa pickling

Li-mushroom tsa makotikoting tsa mariha lapeng ... Ho na le diresepe tse fetang tse lekaneng bakeng sa ho etsa sena. Hape ka ho ikhopotsa feela ho monate hona ho tsotehang, gourmet e 'ngoe le e' ngoe e phalla ka mathe. Ha e le hantle, sejana se monate joalo se tla tlatsetsa le ho fapanyetsana le mefuta ea mokete ofe kapa ofe. Empa ho lokisetsa limpho tsa meru, u tlameha ho sebetsa hanyenyane.

Re tla senola tse ling tsa liphiri tsa tsebo ea ho pheha monate ona le ho ithuta ho noa li-mushroom lapeng.

Litlhahiso tsa motheo ka li-mushroom tsa pickling

Mong le e mong ea amohelang mosali o rata ho makala ha beng ka eena le baeti ba e-na le sejo se entsoeng ka matsoho. Mabapi le taba ena, batho ba bangata ba hana ho reka li-supermarketeng lihlahisoa tse ka itokiselitseng ka boeona, haholo-holo haeba mohlokomeli a tseba liphiri tse ka sehloohong tsa boloi ka kichineng. A re senole liphiri le mekhabiso e ka sehloohong ea ho pheha li-mushroom tse marinated mariha, hobane sejo se joalo ke monate o sa tloaelehang.

Na ua tseba? Ka nako e telele ho ne ho e-na le lipuisano mabapi le 'muso ofe ho kenyelletsa sehlahisoa sena: limela, kapa liphoofolo. Ka lebaka leo, ka 1960, ba ikhethela 'muso o arohileng -' muso oa li-mushroom. Baemeli ba eona ba na le liprotheine (tse ba atametsang haufi le liphoofolo) ma, lik'habohaedreite le liminerale (likarolo tsena li lekana le limela).
  1. Lijana bakeng sa ts'ebetso ena li lokela ho khethoa feela, tse kenngoe, kapa li entsoe, hobane liphutheloana tse joalo ha li jeoe ke asene.
  2. Ha e le asene bakeng sa marinade, joale khetho ea hao e molemo ho emisa bohobe, kapa litholoana. Ntho e molemo ka ho fetisisa - Rhinine (ho ikatisa) le asene e nkhang hamonate.
  3. Li-mushroom tse nyenyane li phalla ka ho feletseng, li khaola karolo e ka tlaase ea leoto. Sena se tla eketsa ho sejana hape se shebahale ka tsela e sa tloaelehang.
  4. Haeba nakong ea "tsoma e khutsitseng" u fumana limpho tse kholo tsa meru, li eletsoa ho li khaola likotoana tse 3-4.
  5. Ho kgothaletswa hore o boloke li-caps tsa li-mushroom tse tšoeu le li-mushroom tsa aspen ka thōko ho metso.
  6. Oli e entsoeng ka makotikoting e tlameha ho se na letlalo.
  7. Tokisetso ea bohlokoa ba ho pheha e na le ho qeta lihora tse 'maloa.

Ke li-mushroom life tse loketseng ho khetholla?

Bakeng sa li-mushroom tse tsamaeang mariha libaneng li tšoanela baemeli ba 'muso ona o fapaneng, ntle le chefo.

Na ua tseba? Li-mushroom li nkoa e le baahi ba fapaneng ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng. Ho na le mefuta e ka bang limilione tse peli, eo ho eona ho fumanoeng batho ba 100 000 feela, 'me le tse seng kae li aroloa.
Ha u batla mefuta e meng ea ho sireletsa, khetho ea hau e lokela ho emisoa ka li-mushroom tse tšoeu, li-butterfinch, li-chanterelles, lirurubele, likokoanyana tsa moss, li-yodikakh, li-mush, li-mushroom, li-mushroom, li-roll, li-roll, li-champignon, joalo-joalo.

Mekhoa e tsosang

Li-recipe ho pheha li-mushroom tse khethiloeng nakong ea mariha ho feta ho lekaneng. Empa, ho na le tse peli feela, tseo bohle ba nang le tsona ba ka li sebelisang.

Tseba ka mokhoa oa ho kotula li-mushroom tsa lebese, boletus, li-mushroom tse tšoeu mariha.

Ho belisa li-mushroom marinade

Mokhoa ona o hlokeha haholo, hobane monate o ratoang haholo ha o pheha o kenngoa ka likarolo tsohle tsa marinade, 'me o fumana litšobotsi tsa monate tse monko o monate. Ho kenya ts'ebetsong mokhoa ona, o tla hloka:

  • 1 kg ea li-mushroom;
  • 0.5 tbsp. metsi;
  • karolo ea boraro ea khalase ea asene;
  • 1 tbsp. letsoai;
  • 1 tsp tsoekere;
  • Likarolo tse 5-6 tsa allspice;
  • lekhasi la li-clove, bay leaf ho latsoa;
  • oli e citric (karolong e ka holimo ea thipa).
Metsi a tšeloa ka sekotlolo sa enamel, asene le letsoai, 'me li-mushroom li behoa motsoako ona. Tsena tsohle li lokela ho tlisoa ho pheha ebe li pheha ka mocheso o tlaase.
Ke habohlokoa! Ho pheha nako ho itšetlehile ka mofuta oa sesebelisoa se ka sehloohong: li-mushroom tsa li-mushroom tse tšoeu le li-mushroom tsa aspen, hammoho le li-chanterelles le li-mushroom li pheha ka metsotso e 20-25, maoto a tsona - metsotso e 15-20 le mahe a linotši - metsotso e 25-30. Nakong ea ho pheha, ho hlokahala hore u bokelle foam le ho e bala e le hore marinade e se ke ea e-ba maru.
Haeba li-mushroom tsa hao li oele tlaase ho pan, 'me foam e sa hlahe ha e belisoa, u ka e tlosa mollong. O ka eketsa allspice, tsoekere, cloves, acid e citric le lekhasi la bay ho fihlela e phethehile. Sejo se pholileng se lokela ho kenngoa ka har'a linkho, tšela metsi a monko o monate holim'a ka holimo 'me u koale ka thata li-lids.

Ho pheha li-mushroom ka thōko ho marinade

Tlhahiso ena ea ho boloka li-mushroom nakong ea mariha ke hore lihlahisoa tsa meru li pheha ka thōko ho marinade ka metsi a se nang metsi a letsoai. Mokhoa oa ho pheha o tšoana le o bontšitsoeng ka mokhoa o fetileng. Li-mushroom li kenngoa ka setsing se tletseng metsi a letsoai (30-40 g ya letsoai ka metsi a le 1 litha e le nngwe) ebe li phehiloe ho fihlela sehlahisoa se lula holim 'a' ngoe 'me metsi a fetoha ponahalo, a sa lebale ho tlosa foam. Ka nako eo ho ratoa ho ratoang ho omeletse ka har'a colander ho tlosa ho feteletseng mongobo. Nakong ena, ho hlokahala hore ho lokisetsoe marinade e tšoanang, eo lisebelisoa tse latelang li tla hlokoa (litekanyetso tse bontšitsoeng bakeng sa 1 l):

  • Mofuta oa 80% oa asix: 3 tsp, kapa asene ea 9% (khalase e le 'ngoe);
  • tsoekere ea granulated - 2 tbsp.
  • letsoai - 1 tbsp;
  • Bay leaves - 4-5 likotoana;
  • pepere e ntšo - lierekisi tse 10;
  • li-peas - lierekisi tse 6;
  • carnation - 2-3 buds;
  • omileng dill - 2-3 g
Likarolo tsohle li hloka ho tsoakana le ho belisoa. Ebe u tšela metsi a pholileng ka har'a linkho tsa li-mushroom tse pholileng 'me u koale le likoahelo tsa polasetiki.

Ke habohlokoa! Basali ba bang ba malapa ba eketsa acidic citric ho marinade (ha e le hantle karolong e ka holimo ea thipa). Karolo ena ke mofuta oa lijana tsa ho thibela thibela khahlanong le botulism. Bakeng sa morero o tšoanang, libanka li eletsoa hore li se ke tsa koala lids lids.

Mokhoa ofe oa ho khetha ho khetha

Lihoepe tse peli tse nang le li-mushroom tsa mariha li lekana, hobane qetellong u fumana sejo se sa tšoaneng. Empa ha o fumana moeli oa karohano, joale mokhoa oa pele o ka bitsoa ho monate haholoanyane, le moemeli oa bobeli. 'Nete ke hore marinade, eo li-mushroom li neng li phehiloe ka eona, qetellong e tla fifala' me e fokotsehe hanyenyane, e tla ba masoabi. Empa, tatso ea morara o monate e tla ba monate o monate le o monate oa litlolo.

Ka mokhoa oa bobeli, marinade e tla ba e hlakileng le e khanyang. Ka lebaka leo, ha u khetha ho noa li-mushroom mariha libaneng, ho hlokahala hore u iketsetse hantle hore na morero oa ts'ebetso ena ke ofe: ho lokisa sejo se khabane bakeng sa tafole ea lehae, kapa kopi ea "liketsahalo tse khethehileng".

Ho lokisetsa li-mushroom bakeng sa pickling

Ho tsoma ka katleho bakeng sa limpho tsa meru ke halofo feela ea ntoa, le hoja ho le hlokolosi e khethehileng ho hlokahala mona, kaha mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea li-mushroom e ka khelosa esita le ho khetha li-mushroom tse nang le phihlelo ka ho fetisisa. U lokela ho ela hloko li-mushroom ka ho khetheha e le hore baskete e se na chefo.

Kamora 'kotulo, li-mushroom li lokela ho itokisetsa ho boloka malapeng.

Hlophisa

Limpho tse hlophisitsoeng tsa meru li lokela ho hlophisoa ka mofuta, hobane mefuta e meng le e na le litšobotsi tsa eona (tatso, monko, nako le boitšoaro nakong ea ho pheha). Mefuta e boetse e eletsoa ho aroloa ka boholo. Mona ho na le ts'ebetso ea ho itekanya: ha ho etsoa tafoleng, li-mushroom tse batlang li lekana le tsona li shebahala li khahleha haholo.

Ke habohlokoa! Haeba u batla ho etsa lijana tsa mushroom, hopola hore, ho sa tsotellehe tlhahisoleseding e fanoeng lirepepe bakeng sa ho lokisetsa li-mushroom tse tsamaisitsoeng ka marine nakong ea mariha, mefuta e meng e sa lokela ho pheha hammoho. Kahoo, boletus e tla fifala haeba e kenngoa ka setsing se tšoanang le li-mushroom tsa aspen. Ho pheha ka pitsa e le 'ngoe ea makhooa, aspen le boletus li fella ka boletus ho chekoa, ha makhooa a nang le boletus a ntse a koaheloa.

Soak le soak

Tsamaiso ena e bohlokoa bakeng sa mefuta e joalo e kang mahe a linotši a li-mushroom, li-walruses, svinushki, mme ke mofuta oa mekhoa ea ho hloekisa. Kahoo, ka mohlala, mahe a linotši a agarics a eletsa ho tsuba ka hora ka metsing a letsoai, ebe o ba hlatsoa ka tlas'a metsi a matla a jet. Mokhoa ona o tla u pholosa nako e ngata eo u tla e hloka bakeng sa ho hloekisa buka. Ha e le boleng le likolobe, pele li e-marinate, li tlameha ho tšeloa matsatsi a mabeli metsing a batang a letsoai. Metsi a lokela ho fetoloa lihora tse ling le tse ling tse robeli.

Mefuta e setseng (e tšoeu, aspen, milky, boletus, joalo-joalo) ha ea eletsoa hore e tepe, kaha e nka mongobo o feteletseng. Ba hloka feela ho hlatsuoa metsing.

Ho hloekisa

Hoo e batlang e le mochini o mong le o mong oa li-mushroom o hloka tlhahlobo le ho hloekisa. Kahoo, ka li-champignon le botoro, letlalo le lokela ho tlosoa likheng, 'me ba qetellang ba eletsoa ho kenngoa metsing a belang bakeng sa motsotso o le mong e le hore ho khonehe ho etsa ts'ebetso ena. A tšoeu, aspen, boletus, syroezhek le maoto a mang a arotsoe ho li-caps, chanterelles li hloekisoa hantle ka mobu le litšila tlas'a metsi.

Ke habohlokoa! Ho hloekisa li-mushroom ho lokela ho kenngoa ka tharollo ea metsi, letsoai le citric acid ka karolelano ea litara e le 1 tsa metsi / 1 hl. letsoai / acid e 2g ho thibela ho fifala.

Kakaretso e tloaelehileng ea marinating

Ho phaella ho tsena, ho boetse ho na le risepe ea bokahohleng bakeng sa ho lokisetsa li-mushroom tse khethiloeng lapeng.

Ho etsa sena, limpho tsa meru li lokela ho hloekisoa ka ho feletseng ka ts'ilafalo, litšila, liboko le ho hlatsuoa. Pheha li-mushroom tse loketseng le tse hloekileng ka metsotso e 15-20, ho tšoana le ho itokisetsa linkho tse hloekisitsoeng, lisebelisoa le lijana tseo u li hlokang.

Li-mushroom ha li monate feela, empa li boetse li na le sehlahisoa se phetseng hantle. Ithute ka melemo ea li-mushroom, boletus, honey agaric, li-mushroom, li-mushroom tsa porcini.

Sterilize linkho tse khothalelitsoeng ka ontong, 'me li-lids li lokela ho belisoa, hammoho le khaba bakeng sa ho susumetsa.

Ho fumana hore na marinade e kae, li-mushroom li kenngoa ka sekotlolo mme metsi a tšeloa ka makotikong. Mokelikeli o lokela ho tšolloa ho fihlela o koahela sehlahisoa ka hoo e ka bang 3 cm. Ka nako e ts'oanang, nahana ka: na metsi a sebelisitsoe hakae, 'me marinade a mangata a hlokahala. Ho lokisetsa metsi a khethehileng, u hloka letsoai, linoko le asene, tse kenyelletsoang metsi a phehang hantle. Brine ena e lokela ho pheha ka metsotso e ka bang 5, ka mor'a moo li-mushroom lia ekeletsoa. Mefuta eohle e pheha bakeng sa metsotso e meng e 5. Botle bo phethiloeng bo tlameha ho behoa ka har'a linkho, tse tletseng brine le ho phuthoa. Beha phello ea "ho tsoma ka khutso" sebakeng se phodileng 'me u letetse lebaka le utloahalang la ho ja. Ho na le mefuta e mengata ea diresepe bakeng sa li-mushroom tse hlaselang, 'me motho e mong le e mong ea nang le boipheliso o na le lihlomo tsa hae tsa sekhukhu. Empa, molao o ka sehloohong oa e mong le e mong oa bona ke hore a se ke a ja monate o lekang, leha a ntse a pheha. Hape, ka mokhoa leha e le ofe oa ho sireletsa, ho hlokahala hore u khomarela ka tieo litaelo tsohle le lisebelisuoa, mokhoa o nang le boikarabelo oa ho itokisa le ho pheha ha li-mushroom, hobane monate ona ke ntho e thata haholo. Empa, haeba e phehiloe ho latela melao eohle, phello e monate e tla leboha boiteko bohle.