Cordilina: tlhaloso ea mefuta, foto

Sehlopha sa Cordilin se na le mefuta e 20 ea limela tse lulang li le setala sa lelapa la Dracena (agave). Sebaka sa popularization - libaka tse chesang le tse mongobo tsa Australia, Asia, Afrika le Brazil. Sehloohong sena re tla bua ka mefuta e tloaelehileng ea cordilins.

Cordilina ke semela se telele se nang le lihlahla kapa subshrub. Sebakeng sa tlhaho se hōla ho fihlela ho limithara tse 3,5, empa se nang le matloana a lehae ha se ka holimo ho 1.5 m. Nako e telele e otlolohileng e koahela makhasi a maholo a khanyang, a qetellang a fela a bile a oela, e leng se etsang hore li tšoane le sefate sa palema.

Sehloohong sena re na le mefuta e tsebahalang haholo ea cordilin.

Australia kapa South

E atile New Zealand. O phela libakeng tse nang le metsi le marulelong a bulehileng. Sefate se fihla bophara ba limithara tse 12, kutu e haufi le fatše e bonahala e le matla. Makhasi a le tala, xiphoid, a ka bang 1 mithara ka bolelele, letlalo le letlalo, le methapo e mengata e tala e hlahisitsoeng ka tsela e tšoanang. Semela sena se na le lipalesa tse makholo a tšeletseng tse nang le mahlaseli a mahlakoreng a bophara ba lisenthimithara tse 1, ka monko o nkhang hamonate. Inflorescence - whisk, bolelele ba cm 50-100 cm. Litholoana - monokotsoai oa 'mala o mosoeu, bophara - 5-7 mm.

Cordilina boroa e sebelisetsoa ho etsa fiber. Lehlaka le metso ke lisebelisoa tsa liropo tsa ho roka. Li-sheet li sebelisoa ho etsa lesela, 'me bacha ba bang ba bile ba sebelisoa e le lijo. Sefate sa morara se khetholloa ke litšobotsi tsa antibacterial.

Na ua tseba? Mabapi le ho ts'oana le sefate sa palema sa Cordilina, mabitso a joalo a tummeng e le "palema ea Cornish", "Torbay palm" kapa "Isle of Man Island" a fanoe. Ho na le lebitso le leng le sa thahasellisang - "sefate sa hop", se qapiloeng ke James Cook.
Tsena tse fapa-fapaneng li ratoa ke ba-florists. E hōlise ka matlo a limela, limela tsa limela. Southern cordilina - ho hlokomoloha tlhokomelo. E arabela hantle maemong a lehae, ho kenyeletsa likamore tse koetsoeng. Lehlabuleng, ho kgothaletswa ho e nka ka ntle, mariha - ho netefatsa hore mocheso o tlase (3-5 ° C). Mefuta ena e ka fetisoa ke lipeo le lipeo tsa bana ba banyenyane.
Sekhahla, myrtle, chamelacium, heather, acacia, calmia, cypress, jasmine, cotoneaster, tabernemontane, privet semela li boetse li bitsoa lihlahla tse tala.

Benksa

E hlaha merung e haufi le New Zealand. E na le kutu e otlolohileng, e otlolohileng, 1.5-3 m e telele. Makhasi a li-elongate-lanceolate (cm 60-150), a supa, a otloloha, a bokelloa ka lihlopha tse thata.

Top of the sheet e mebala e tala, botlaaseng ke bohlooho-botala bo nang le methapong e bonahalang hantle. The scape e ka ba bolelele ba lisenthimithara tse 15-20. Lipalesa li tšoeu, li behoa mahlaka a manyenyane, hangata li se na peduncles.

Mefuta ena e ikamahanya hantle, kahoo o ka etsa maemo a fapaneng a bophelo. Nakong ea mofuthu nako e ntle ho tsamaea ka moea o hloekileng, mariha - ho pholile, likamore tse khanyang. Mocheso o motle ke 6-8 ° C.

Ho khabisa kapa ho senya

Range - East India, Leboea-Australia, Lihlekehlekeng tsa Hawaii. Sefate se tlaase, se fihla bolelele ba 2-3 limithara, joaloka Cordilina frutikoza. Leqhama le tšesaane, lignified, le bophara ba cm cm 0.6-1.5, ka linako tse ling le makala a mangata.

Makhasi a na le lanceolate, oblong, ho fihlela ho 30-50 cm ka bolelele le bophara ba 7-10 ka bophara, a mebala-bala, a nang le methapo e hlaselang ka ho hlakileng, e koahetsoeng ka stalk le bohale. Petiole (10-15 cm) e otlolohile, e tletse. Inflorescence ke panicle e fokolang haholo.

Lipalesa li tšoeu kapa lilac, li na le mahlaka a manyenyane.

Kajeno, ho na le liphetoho tse ngata tsa shrub ea Cordilina e nang le 'mala o fapaneng oa makhasi. Ka hona, mefuta e fapaneng ea limela tse khubelu e khetholloa ka moqhaka o mosehla o mosehla o bohareng ba lipalesa tse khubelu. Cordilina Snow e khetholloa ke mela e mosoeu, mebala e tšoeu-e pinki e tloaelehileng bakeng sa Morena Roberts, 'me li-sheet tsa Joungi li na le mebala e khubelu.

Ho fapana le mefuta e fetileng, Cordilina apical o hloka tlhokomelo e eketsehileng ea tlhokomelo.

Ke habohlokoa! Ho hlokahala ho khetha sebaka se sirelelitsoeng ho tloha ho Cordilina.
Litlhoko tsa ho hōla:

  • kamore e mofuthu (18-20 ° C selemo ho pota);
  • leseli le khanyang;
  • phahameng mongobo;
  • khafetsa ho fafatsa likhahla.
Joaloka Cordilina, khanya e khanyang e boetse e ratoa ke pedilanthus, amorphophallus, malapeng cacti, mirabilis, hoya, balsame, pentas, aglaonema.
Lapeng e ntse e hōla butle haholo 'me e ka fihla bolelele ba lisenthimithara tse 25 feela.

Hlahisa mefuta ena ka li-cuttings ho tloha malebela a letlobo kapa ka ho arola li-rhizomes. Ho feta moo, e le hore li-cuttings li potlake metso, ho hlokahala hore ho fane ka moea o phahameng oa mocheso (26-27 ° C), e phahameng mongobo le ho futhumala fatše ho fihlela ho 25 ° C.

Kiwi

Naheng ea habo - Northern Australia. Sebakeng sa tlhaho se ka hōla ho fihlela ho metres ea 2-3, 'me matloana a hae a le 1-1.5 m. Makhasi a tiile, a na le likhahla tse pota-potileng, a kopanya lithane tse lefifi, tse pinki le tse mosehla, a kopanya mekhoa e sa tšoaneng.

E khethollehile ho tsoa mefuta e meng ka lipampiri tse ngata, tse qetellang li shoa, li senola lifate. Mahlakoreng a tsoela pele ho theha letlobo le lecha le loketseng bakeng sa transplanting.

Inflorescences li tšoha, li fana ka seatla se bulehileng tse nang le mebala e nyenyane ea tšoeu. Leha ho le joalo, ka tlhokomelo ea lehae hoo e ka bang ha e thunngoe.

Na ua tseba? Lebitso la semela le tsoa lentsoeng la Segerike kordyle mme le fetoleloa e le lesesu. Kahoo bo-rasaense ba hlokometse hore na metso ea mofuta ofe - mofuta oa nodular thickening.
Cordilina kiwi - undemanding semela, kahoo e boloke ka maemo a kamoreng habonolo. Ha ho hlokahale ea mongobo o phahameng kapa mocheso o phahameng. Nako e setseng ha e hlokomeloe, ha e lahleheloe ke 'mala oa eona selemo kaofela.

Lefubelu

Semela sena se boetse se hlahile Australia. Ka tlhaho, e hōla e le lihlahla 3-4 m bophara, hangata ha e aroloe ka makala. Limela li fihla boima ba 0,6-2.5 cm.

Makhasi a na le lanceolate, bolelele ba 30 cm le 50 cm, 'me bophara ba 3.5-4.5 cm, oval, leathery, bo na le mmala o motala ka mahlakore ka bobeli, hammoho le metsoako e khubelu le burgundy, streaks e bonahala ka ho hlaka.

Petiole e khabane, e arolelitsoeng ka cm 10-15. E hlahisa lipalesa tse pherese lehlabula. Hape e tlisa litholoana tse khubelu tse khanyang ka bophara ba 10 mm.

Na ua tseba? Ka lekhetlo la pele, setsebi sa baeloji sa Jeremane Carl Friedrich Otto se hlalosa Cordilin Red. Lebitso le tobileng le tsoa lentsoeng la Selatine "ruber", le bolelang khubelu.
Semela sena se bonoa hantle ka ho lula ka likamore tse pholileng, tse khanyang. Lehlabuleng ho khothalletsoa ho ea ho moea o hloekileng. Mocheso o motle bakeng sa tlhokomelo ea mariha ke 6-8 ° C. Ho bohlokoa hape ho fana ka mobu o omileng. Cordilina khubelu e thibela ka ho lekaneng, kahoo e ka etsa ntle le tlhokomelo e loketseng matsatsi a 'maloa. U ka phatlalatsa joaloka lipeo le li-cuttings.

Ha ho tsejoe

Mefuta ena e tsoa New Zealand. Limela li hōla ho fihlela ho ba limithara tse 10-12. Ho na le khama e thata, empa e tšoarellang, e sa tsitsang makaleng. Makhasi a na le sebōpeho sa lebanta, a lekanngoa ka bophara ba 70-150 cm, a totobetse, a bobebe-a le botala, a theoha tlaase-tlaase, bohareng boea bo khubelu bo hlakile.

Inflorescence e koetsoe, e koetsoe, e fokotsehile, ka lipalesa tse fapaneng tse tšoeu kapa tse khubelu.

Cordilina e le 'ngoe feela - e seng khethollo ea ho hlokomela, e ka ba kamoreng e koetsoeng nako e telele. Nakong ea nako e mofuthu, ho hotle ho e tlohela ka moea o hloekileng. Mariha, ho na le likamore tse kholo tse nang le mocheso oa 3-5 ° C.

Ke habohlokoa! Ha ho omelloe kapa mongobo o feteletseng mobung o lokela ho lumelloa.
E hlahisitsoe ke peo kapa phallo ea likarolo tse ka holimo tsa lits'ebetso tse nyenyane.

Mohala o nepahetseng

E hōla libakeng tsa tropike tsa Australia Bochabela, hangata merung le lihlahla. Trunk e tšesaane, e sa ts'oaroe, e bolelele ba limithara tse 1,5-3. Makhasi a li-oblong-lanceolate, a totobetseng, a bolelele ba cm 30-60, a le letlalo, a khanya ka mahlakore ka bobeli, a lumellana hantle.

Bophara ba lekhasi bohareng ke 1.8-3 cm; e fokotseha ho fihlela ho khethoa 0,6-1.3 cm.

Cordilina e tobileng lehlabula e khetha ho ba ka ntle, mariha - likamore tse sa chesang (5-7 ° C). Cordilins ke tsona tse hlokang tlhompho, limela tse mebala-bala tse loketseng hantle bakeng sa ho boloka malapa le bakeng sa lirapa tsa ofisi.