Boikarabello ba mefuta ea li-pions, re utloisisa hammoho

Peony ke lipalesa tse nkhang hamonate tse thabisang mahlo a rona ho tloha ka May ho ea qetellong ea June. Naha ea habo ke libaka tse nyenyane tsa North America le Eurasia. Le mofuta oa Peony o na le mefuta e 34, e arotsoeng ka mefuta e 5 000. Ka nako e le nngwe, 4 500 ke mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea limela tsa peone le mefuta e mefuta e 500 feela ea sefate.

Na ua tseba? Peony ke lipalesa tse telele, e ka hōla sebakeng se le seng ka lilemo tse leshome. Lekhalo la lona le fihla bophahamong ba limithara tse 1-2, 'me bud ka boeona e ka ba bophara ba lisenthimithara tse 25. Le lipalesa ha li na tlhompho ho hlokomela, li na le motso o moholo le makhasi a mahlahahlaha. Makhasi a ka ba ho tloha tala ho ea ho pherese e tebileng.

Mefuta ea li-peonies

Ka hona, ho na le lipione tsa mofuta ofe? Mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea peone e feta. Ka tlhaho le sebōpeho, li-pion li aroloa ka tsela e latelang:

Sefate, se arotsoe ka:

  1. Sino-Europe;
  2. Japanese;
  3. Li-hybrids.

Herbaceous, arotsoe ka:

  1. Belotsvetkovy peony (li-milky-li fofa);
  2. Motso oa Marin (ho kheloha peony);
  3. Meriana ea bongaka;
  4. Peony e lahliloeng ka morao;
  5. Peony Mlokosevich.

Sefate Peony Mefuta e sa tsoaneng

A re hlahlobe ka ho qaqileng mefuta ea lifate tsa peone.

Sino-Europe

Thibela ke e telele, makhasi a lerootho, makhasi a maholo haholo. Shades e ka ba ho tloha pinki e pentiloeng ho ea pherese.

Japanese

Ntho e ikhethang ea semela sena ke hore ha e na boikokobetso ho chesa.

Li-stony tsa peony tsa Japane li bōpehile hantle, ka linako tse ling li kene ka hare. 'Mala oa li-stamens ke o mosehla, o pinki, o bofubelu. Li-petals li hlophisitsoe ka mela e le 'ngoe kapa tse' maloa.

Li-hybrids

Motsoako oa li-peone ke phello ea ho nyalisana ha joang le peony ea lifate. Ntho e ikhethang ea semela sena ke 'mala o khanyang oa lipalesa, kgolo e matla, lipalesa tse ngata, serame se hanyetsang.

Herb Peonies

Setlama sa mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea peonies - ho senya lifate. E le hore lipalesa tsena li khahle mahlo a hao ka nako e telele kamoo ho ka khonehang, u lokela ho li lema karolong e fapaneng ea lipalesa tsa mofuta o mong le o mong. Sehlopha sena se kenyelletsa mefuta e 5 e meholo

Belotsvetkovy peony (li-milky-flowered)

Semela sena se na le pistils e mengata le li-stamens bohareng. Makhasi a lipalesa a na le bohale bo bohale, bo bobebe. Lipalesa li hōla ka mela e 1-2. Palesa ea limela tse sa tšoaneng tsa peone e kholo, ho fihlela ho lisenthimithara tse 18 bophara. Lehlaka la lipalesa le fihla ho 90 cm. Ka lebaka la mebala e sa tšoaneng semela sena se na le se lekana. Nako ea lipalesa - qetellong ea June - qalong ea July.

Marin Root (Ho Tloha Peony)

Palesa ea mofuta ona oa peony - qetellong ea May - qalong ea June. Trunk e teteaneng, bolelele ba bakoang bo ka fihla ho tloha ho 40 cm ho ea ho 1 mithara. Palesa e ka bophara ba lisenthimithara tse 13. E na le 'mala o khanyang oa pinki. Balemi ba lirapa ba bangata ba hōlisa peony ena e sa tšoaneng e le semela sa moriana.

Meriana ea bongaka

Lebitso la semela le itlhalosa, le sebelisoa bakeng sa meriana. Leha ho le joalo, ha nako e ntse e ea, balemi ba lirapa ba ile ba qala ho e lema ka lebaka la thepa ea eona ea boithabiso.

Semela se na le khubelu e khubelu e le 'ngoe e le' ngoe e bophahamo ba lisenthimithara tse 12. Bophahamo ba bakoang bo fapana ho tloha ho 40 ho isa ho 90 cm. Lebala lena le na le monate. Nako ea lipalesa ke halofo ea pele ea June.

Peony e lahliloeng ka mehla

Peony e nyenyane e lahliloeng e na le krimsone e khanyang kapa 'mala o mofubelu. Bophara ba Bud e nyenyane, ho fihlela ho 8 cm feela. Semela se tla khabisa hantle marulelo leha e le afe a bulehileng bofelong ba May, empa joale e tla lahleheloa ke khahleho ea eona.

Peony Mlokosevich

Peony Mlokosevich o na le lebitso la hae ho tlotla motho ea e fumaneng. Semela se na le 'mala o mosehla o khanyang, ntlha e nyenyane ea pinki.

Diameter ea bud e ka ba 12 cm. Palesa ena e phunya butle-butle, lipalesa - May.

Tlhahlobo ea pions ka mofuta oa bud

Joalokaha u ka bona, ho na le mefuta e mengata ea lipere tsa tlhaho, empa sena hase sona feela. Li-peonies li boetse li aroloa ka sebōpeho sa bud. Mona ke mofuta oa peone o nang le mofuta oa bud:

  1. Terry;
  2. E kopane habeli;
  3. E seng shag;
  4. Anemic;
  5. Japanese

Terry Peonies

Sehlopha sa pions tsa terry se arotsoe ka lihlopha tse nyenyane:

  1. E bōpehileng joaloka Rose
  2. Polurozovidnye;
  3. Korona;
  4. Hemispheric;
  5. Spherical.

Limela tsa litere tsa sehlopha li nkoa e le li-peonies tse ratang ka ho fetisisa har'a balemi ba lirapa.

Tsena ke lipalesa tse kholo tse nang le maqhubu a maholo ka mela e meraro. Mela e ka holimo le e ka tlase e na le 'mala o le mong,' me e bohareng e fapane le 'mala' me e na le likarolo tse nyenyane. Li-pistils le li-stamens li etsoa ka tloaelo, ho na le tse ngata tsa tsona, ka linako tse ling lia patoa tlas'a likarolo.

Li-peonies tsena li kenyeletsa tse kang: "La la Maud" (lihlopha tse sa tšoaneng tsa pele), "Nancy" (lihlopha tse sa tšoaneng tsa pele), "Aritina Nozen Gloria" (superearly tse fapa-fapaneng), "Raspberry Sanda", "Pink Cameo", "Alexander Dumas" (mefuta e meholo e sa tšoaneng), Red Charm, Henry Bokstos (mefuta-futa e sa tšoaneng), Solange (nako e khutšoanyane), Goody, Beev (pele ho fapana).

Li-peonies tsa semela

Likokoana-hloko tsa mefuta ena li na le ponahalo e ntle, kaha li na le lipalesa tse khanyang le tse ntle. Li-petals li fumaneha melaong e mehlano ho isa ho e supileng. Li-stamens tsa tsona li ka hōla ka bobeli bohareng ba bud le har'a lipalesa.

Mefuta ena e kenyelletsa mefuta e mengata ea pions e le "Miss America" ​​(mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea mefuta e fapa-fapaneng), "Citeria" (mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea mefuta e fapa-fapaneng), "The Lastres" (pele ho mefuta-futa), "En Berry Cases" (pele ho mefuta-futa).

Majoana

Peony, e bonolo, e seng habeli, - e bonolo. Li-petals ha li kholo haholo, li hlophisitsoe ka mela e le 'ngoe kapa tse peli. E le 'ngoe feela ea lipalesa tse leshome.

Li-peone tsa anemone

Lekhalo la lipalesa le leholo, setsi sa lona se tšoaretsoe ka ho feletseng ka li-stamens. Lipalesa li fumaneha melaong e le 'ngoe kapa tse peli. Likarolo tse tlaase li le khōlō, li pota-potile, 'me li bohareng, ho fapana le tsona, li khutsuanyane ebile li khutšoanyane.

Li-peonies tse kang li-anemone li kenyelletsa: "Thaba ea Snow" (mefuta e fapaneng ea pele), "Ruthe Clay" (lipakeng tse mahareng tse sa tšoaneng), "Rhapsody" (e bohareng ba mefuta e mengata).

Japanese Peonies

Li-peone tsa Japane li na le li-stamens, tse tšoanang le likaroloana, kahoo bohareng bo fokotseha haholoanyane. Li-stamens li ka ba mmala o lekanang le lipalesa. Lebala lena le na le kutu e matla. Lipalesa li fumaneha melaong e le 'ngoe kapa tse peli.

Li-pions tse sa tšoaneng tsa Japane li kenyelletsa: "Pearl placer" (e ka tlaase ho mefuta e fapa-fapaneng), "Velma Atkinson" (mathoasong a sa tšoaneng), "Karara", "Hotcolet".

Li-peonies li arohane joang ho latela nako ea lipalesa

E le hore semela se mebala-bala le monko o monate o thabise mahlo a hau halelele kamoo ho ka khonehang, se lokela ho lenngoa serapeng bakeng sa nako ea lipalesa. Hangata, peonies e thunya ka bonngoe. Ho na le lihlopha tse 7 tsa lipalesa:

  1. Khale haholo-ho fihlela ka la 5 June;
  2. Mathoasong - ho tloha ka la 5 ho isa ho la 10;
  3. Bohareng-mathoasong - ho tloha ka 10 ho fihlela ho la 15 June;
  4. Bohareng - ho tloha ka la 15 ho ea ho la 20 June;
  5. Bohareng-bosiu - ho tloha ka 20 ho isa ho la 25 June;
  6. Ka morao - ho tloha ka 25 ho ea ho la 30 June;
  7. Nako e telele haholo - ka mor'a la 30 June.

Peony - sa lipalesa tse sa tloaelehang tse tla khabisa serapa sa hau le ka mor'a hore li thunye. Makhasi a hae a mahlahahlaha a tla fana ka mefuta e mengata ea mefuta e pota-potileng. 'Me ha a e-na le tlhokomelo e se nang boikemisetso, e mong le e mong ea serapeng o tla iphumana a e-na le mefuta e sa tšoaneng e loketseng.