Clematis ke mofuta ofe

Clematis o khona ho makatsa le ho khahlisa motho e mong le e mong ea nang le meroho e lerootho, inflorescences e ntle, mefuta e fapa-fapaneng, mebala e sa tloaelehang, monko o tsitsitseng. Motho ea lulang sebakeng se chesang sa tropike o lumelloa hantle Europe 'me o na le mefuta e fetang 300. Palesa ea mohlolo e ka tšoana le joang, e khabisitse mohloa oa hau, e behe gazebo ka sefate sa morara kapa sefate se tla hōla ka foranteng. Clematis e tla u thabisa ka likhoeli tse 3-4 tsa lipalesa.

Na ua tseba? Bagerike ba boholo-holo ba ne ba bitsa semela leha e le sefe sa ho nyoloha - "Clem." E tsoa lentsoeng lena lebitso la clematis le fihla. Har'a mabitso a tloaelehileng a tsejoa - warthog, clematis, ntate-moholo curls, joalo-joalo.

Clematis, tlhaloso ea lipalesa

Clematis e ratoa - mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea clematis e nang le litšoantšo le litlhaloso li ka fumanoa libakeng tse khethehileng le libukeng tsa horticultural. Sefate sa perennial sa lelapa la buttercups se hlahisoa ka mefuta e fapa-fapaneng ea bophelo (joang bo letlobo 30-40 cm e phahameng, lihlahla le li-semi-shrubs (ho fihlela ho 140 cm), lekhasi-li-li-mete (ho fihlela ho limithara tse 10). Mefuta e fapaneng, makhasi a bonolo ebile a rarahaneng, a nang le pinnate le e makatsang-pinnate, trifoliate le trifoliate tse peli, e tala le e pherese. Metso ea metso e hlahisoa: e ka theha "litelu" tsa sebele - tse 5 lik'hilograma le 1.5 m bophara, e ka ba molamu o le mong. Metso e na le monko o monate.

Ke habohlokoa! Clematis e na le matla haholo ho meea - letlobo la tsona le robehile ebile lipalesa li senyehile.

Ntho e ka sehloohong e khahloang ke semela sena ke lipalesa le li-buds! Boholo ba lipalesa bo fapana ho tloha ho 4 ho isa ho 25 cm, palesa ea 'mala e pharaletseng - e na le mebala e fapaneng e fapaneng (ho tloha ho' mala o mosoeu ho ea lefifing le lefifi, ho tloha ho pherese ho ea bopherese bo bofubelu, joalo-joalo). Mmala o ikhethang o fana ka lipalesa tsa "sekho" se holimo-li-stamens le pistils tse ntseng li hōla bohareng. Nako ea lipalesa ka likhoeli tse 3-4, lipalesa tse le 'ngoe li phela ho tloha matsatsing a 10 ho isa ho a 21.

Semela se bobebe-se hlokang 'me se hloka ho nosetsa ho hongata. Likhoeling tsa mariha tse hlokang bolulo.

Ke habohlokoa! Clematis e hlaha lirapeng tsa Europe lekholong la bo16 la lilemo. - Ka 1548, Clematis Serapa sa Morara sa Morara se ile sa hlalosoa ke setsebi sa limela sa Senyesemane W. Turner. Mefuta ea pele ea mefuta-futa ea serame e ile ea bōptjoa bohareng ba lekholo la bo20 la lilemo.

Kemiso ho latela sebaka sa sebopeho sa lipalesa

Ha ho na tsamaiso ea lihlopha tsa machaba ea lik'hemik'hale. Ho na le mekhoa e mengata ea ts'ebetso, e thehiloeng ho pontšo e le 'ngoe kapa e' ngoe.

Sebaka sa theho ea lipalesa ke karolo ea bohlokoa ea likarolo. Ho ea ka eona, ho na le lihlopha tse tharo tsa clematis, ka lipalesa:

  • ka selemo se fetileng le letlobo le lecha;
  • ka letlobo la selemo se fetileng;
  • ka letlobo le lecha.

Lipalesa ka letlobo la khale le la joale

Karolo e 'ngoe ea lik'hematisia li thunya ka makhetlo a mabeli: mathoasong a selemo - mathoasong a lehlabula (lihlahisoa tsa selemo se fetileng),' me ho tloha bohareng ba lehlabula ho fihlela ho September (ka letlobo). Linako tsa clematis lipalesa li fapana. Pele clematis e lokela ho ba habeli - ka mor'a hore lipalesa tsa pele lehlabula le hoetla (khutsufatsa lipalesa).

Sehlopha sena se kenyeletsa lihlopha:

Clematis Woolly (e bōpiloe Scotland ka lekholo la bo19 la lilemo. E na le litekanyo tse lekanang le li-hexagonal, li fihla ho tse 2,5 m. Lipalesa (10-20 cm bophara) tsa mmala o mosoeu kapa o hlahisang lilac). Ka lebaka la eona, mefuta e sa tšoaneng e bitsoang Madame le Cultre, lebasetere la Seboldia, Lavsonian, le ba bang, e ile ea phunya; Palesa ea pele e khutšoanyane, lipalesa tse fokolang, empa li kholo. Palesa ea bobeli e ngata haholoanyane, empa lipalesa li nyane.

Litokelo tsa molao kapa Clementis li hasana (e fihla ho 3,5 m, lipalesa tse khōlō tse le 'ngoe (tse mashome a mabeli a metso e mehlano) tse tšoeu, buluu, li-blue shades le mefuta e mengata). Mefuta e mengata - ka lipalesa tse peli.

Ke habohlokoa! Ho atolosa nako ea thunyang, o ka sebelisa mokhoa oa ho laola likhahla - khutsufatsa letlobo le lenane le tlaase ho lihlopha tse peli tse tlaase lehlabula.

Lipalesa ka letlobo la selemo sa hona joale

Mefuta e mengata ea clematis e etsa li-inflorescences lihlahisoa tse ncha ho tloha ka July ho ea ho September (tlhōrō ea lipalesa e hlaha ka August). Lihlopha tsena li kenyelletsa:

Jacmanne (e tsoetsoeng Engelane bohareng ba lekholo la bo19 la lilemo), bolelele ba 5-6 m, le lipalesa (8 cm cm) tsa mefuta e sa tšoaneng (ntle le tšoeu). Har'a mefuta e mengata e tsebahalang ke Rouge Cardinal, Star of India, Bella, joalo-joalo.

Vititsella (e fihlang bolelele ba 4-6 m, e thunya ka lipalesa tse nyenyane (3-5 cm) (ho fihlela ho 100 ka nako e ts'oanang) ea mebala e fapaneng (e le 'mala o moputsoa, ​​o pherese le o pherese) har'a tse ling tse tummeng ke Ville de Lyon, Viola, Poland Spirit le tse ling.

Integrifolia kapa makhasi a feletseng a makhasi (e nang le litekanyetso tse tiileng, bolelele - 1.5 m, lipalesa - litloloko tsa buluu, bofubelu, pinki le mebala e meng). Mefuta e tsebahalang ka ho fetisisa ke Durand, Värava, Heart Memory, joalo-joalo.

Na ua tseba? E le hore u tsebe hore na sehlopha sa clematis seo u se rekileng ke sa mofuta ofe, ho hlokahala hore u khaole letlobo ka hoetla - e le 'ngoe ka ho feletseng, e meng e be e nyane (10-15 maqeba). Nakong e ncha u tla bona hore na e thunya lipalesa li tla hlaha.

Lipalesa ka letlobo selemong se fetileng

Tsena li kenyelletsa clematis le lipalesa letlobo la selemo se fetileng. Limela tse joalo li loketse ka ho fetisisa bakeng sa ho hōla lijaneng. Tsena ke mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea sehlopha sa Atragen (hangata se bitsoa likhosatsana):

Alpina (ho fihlela ho bolelele ba limithara tse tharo, lipalesa tse nang le pinki, e tšoeu, li-cream). Mefuta e sa tloaelehang ke Artagen Franky, Albina Plena, Pamela Jackman le ba bang.

Florida (creeper ho fihlela ho limithara tse tharo, e kholo e le ngoe e khanyang lipalesa, e rata mobu o mongobo). Mefuta e tummeng - Vivian Pennel, Baby, Jeanne d'Arc.

Thaba Clematis (liana e khōlō (ho fihlela ho 9 limithara), e nang le lipherese tse nang le pherese. Lipalesa (li-inflorescences tse peli ho ea ho tse 5) li na le 'mala o mosoeu-pinki le pinki). Lihlopha - Rubens, Montana Grandifora le ba bang.

Na ua tseba? Likhalase tsohle tsa mofuta o motle ke limela tse ntle tsa mahe a linotši.

Li-herbaceous, lihlahla le lihlahla tse manyenyane

Sepheo se seng se tloaelehileng bakeng sa likarolo tsa clematis ke seo clematis se shebahalang, se boima ba ho tiea ha sona. Ka lebaka leo, litlama tsa herbaceous, shrub le li-semi-shrub lia khetholla.

Herbaceous

Clematis ea sehlopha sena ha a na boikemelo, ha a hane ebile ha a hloke tlhokomelo e ikhethang bakeng sa bona. Clematis Straight e hlahella har'a li-clematis tsa herbaceous: bolelele - ho tloha ho 1 ho isa ho 1.2 m, ho tšoana le li-violet tsa bosiu: lipalesa tsa linaleli tse nang le mahlaku a mane. Tlhōrō ea lipalesa June - July. Ke mofuta o monate ka ho fetisisa oa lik'hematis.

Lihlahla

Li-clematis lihlahla li khetholla letlobo la lignified. Moemeli oa sehlopha sena ke clematis ea makhasi a feletseng: ho tloha ho 60 cm ho isa ho 1 m., Ka lipalesa tse bōpehileng hantle (lipalesa li koaletsoe ka ntle). Tšehetso e hlokahalang bakeng sa lipalesa - li-stems li bobebe haholo.

Lihlahla

Sekhetho sa likhalase tsa sehlopha sena ke hore karolo e ka tlaase ea limela (perennial) e thata, karolo e ka holimo e shoa selemo le selemo. Mefuta e meholo:

Clematis Texas (e loketseng serapeng se senyenyane - ho fihlela ho 40 cm, lipalesa li tšoana le li-tulips tse nyenyane);

Clematis Tangut (ho tloha ho 30 cm ho ea ho 2 m, e etsa sebaka se seholo sa limela, lipalesa tsa 'mala o mosehla oa khauta);

Clematis Borschovikolistny (0.5-1.5 limithara tse telele, lipalesa tse putsoa li tšoana le hyacinth).

Tsela ea ho khetholla li-clematis ka boholo ba lipalesa

Lipalesa ke karabo ea potso ea hore na ke hobane'ng ha li-clematis liana li atile haholo. Ho itšetlehile ka boholo ba palesa ea clematis e fane ka boholo-phallang (ho tloha ho 5 cm le ho feta) le ho fokotsa tse nyenyane (ho fihlela ho 5 cm).

E kholo-e theoha

Clematis krupnotsvetkovy e fapana le lipalesa tse khōlō le tse tsotehang. Har'a limela tse nang le mefuta e mengata ho na le mefuta e sa tšoaneng e tsoang ho Zhakman, Langugings, Vititella, Patents, lihlopha tsa Integrifolia, joalo-joalo.

Lipalesa tse nyane

Lipalesa tse nyenyane li na le lipalesa tse ngata, tse ntle haholo. Li jaloa ka peo. Tsena li kenyeletsa mefuta e mengata ea lihlopha: Atragen, Flamulla, Tangutik, Vitalba, Clematis ea Mataliana.

Karolo ea Clematis ka mebala

Tlhophiso ea lipalesa tsa clematis ka litšoantšo tsa tsona tse putsoa: bofutsoa, ​​bo bofubelu, bo tšoeu, joalo-joalo, bo tumme haholo. Mohlomong ena hase mokhoa oa saense, empa ha ho tluoa tabeng ea ho khabisa serapa kapa gazebo, potso ea 'mala e hlahella pele.

Ke habohlokoa! Lipalesa tsa mefuta e sa tšoaneng le mefuta e sa tšoaneng li ka ba le mebala e sa tšoaneng.

Blue

Ho sa tsotellehe hore balemi ba lirapa lilemong tsa morao tjena ba hlahisitse mefuta e mecha ea mefuta e sa tsoaneng, clematis lipalesa tse hloekileng (ntle le ho kenyelletswa ha shades) tsa buluu ha li fumanoe ka seoelo.

Durandi (mefuta e fapa-fapaneng e hlaha ka 1870. E hōla ho fihlela ho 2 m, lipalesa (ho tloha ho tse 7 ho isa ho tse 14) li na le mebala e hloekileng ea indigo. E khahlanong le serame le mafu.

Multi Blue (tse fapa-fapaneng li ile tsa hahoa Holland ka 1983; bolelele ba 2-3 m. Terry lipalesa tse kholo tsa mmala o moputsoa o lefifi.

Leseli le lefubelu (hape e bōpiloe ho Holland ka 1998. lipalesa tse putsoa tse nang le methapong e putsoa).

Kiri Te Kanawa (e tsoetsoe Engelane ka 1986. Lipalesa tsa Terry li na le 'mala o moputsoa o moputsoa).

Bahalaleli

Mbala o mosoeu oa clematis o emeloa ke sehlopha se seholo sa lipalesa tsa terry holim'a tsohle:

Joan oa Arc (bolelele ba limithara tse tharo, lipalesa tse nang le li-disco, habonolo li mamella serame, komello, moriti).

Mofumahali oa Arctic (bolelele ba 2,5 m, lipalesa - lisenthimithara tse 18. O rata letsatsi, o tšaba moea. O thunya ka makhetlo a mabeli - ka June ka letlobo la selemo sa ho qetela le ka August ho tse teng hona joale).

Alba Plena (lipalesa tse peli li khetholloa ke 'mala oa bona o hloekileng).

Bella (bophahamo ba 2 m, lipalesa tsa asterisk li thunya ka July - September (mathoasong a lipalesa li na le lekhahla la mosehla, ebe li fetoha tse hloekileng).

Yellow

Pale ea mosehla e emeloa ke mebala e hloekileng le mebala e tala-botala-mosehla, tšoeu-mosehla:

Mefuta e fokolang ea Clematis e nyenyane Tangutik (e thunya haholo ka lipalesa tse nyenyane tse mosehla).

Shrub f. E koetsoe (ho fihlela ho 1 limithara tse kholo, ho phalla ho tloha ka August ho ea ho September, lipalesa li le mosehla oa khauta (4 cm)).

Pilatocete (ho fihlela ho 3 limithara, mmala ho tloha ka July ho ea ho August ka lipalesa tse botala bo botala (4 cm)).

Pink

Mebala ea pinki e hloekileng e fokolang. Ka tloaelo ho na le pinki e nang le lilac, lihlopha tse pherese kapa li-patches.

Grandiflora trillium (bophahamo ba 5, letlobo le khabisitsoe ka lipalesa tse robeli tsa petal (4-5 cm). Lipalesa - ka May-June).

Kaiser F (mefuta e fapa-fapaneng e ile ea etsoa Japane ka 1997 (bophahamo ba limithara tse 1,5, lipalesa tse nang le lipalesa tse kholo tse peli tse khanyang tse palesa ka June-July).

Asao (e tummeng Japane, e thunya ka makhetlo a mabeli (ka June le ho elella bofelong ba August), letsatsi ha le rate. Lipalesa (12-20 cm) li na le makhetlo a mabeli, li pinki tse lefifi.

Mofumahali Baron Vilar (bophahamo ba 3.5 m, lipalesa - pinki e nang le li-purple hutsu. E phunya ho tloha bofelong ba August).

Lefubelu

Lihlopha tse khubelu tsa Clematis li khetholloa ke lithane tse ruileng:

Rouge Cardinal (e tsoetsoeng Poland, bolelele ba 2-3 m, e thunya haholo ka lipalesa tse khubelu (1-20 cm) ho tloha ka June ho fihlela ka la August.

Ruytel (bolelele ba 1.8-2 m, e thunya ka lipalesa tse khanyang tse khanyang ho tloha ka July ho ea ho November).

Westerplatte (e tsoetsoeng Poland, lipalesa tse kholo (10-16 cm) - maroon-bofubelu, li thunya ka June-August).

Na ua tseba? Clematis Armand le David ba nkha monamondi, clematis straight-primrose, clematis paniculata - jasmine.