Mefuta e tloaelehileng le mefuta ea lialmonde

Almond ke sefate kapa shrub ea mofuta oa plums. Naha ea naha ea semela e nkoa e le Asia le Asia Bohareng. Mehleng ena e lengoa Chaena, USA, Crimea le Caucasus, Russia, Slovakia le Republic ea Czech, Moravia.

Sefate sa Almond

Semela se tloaelehileng sa almond se arotsoe ka li-subspecies tse peli: lialmonde tse hlaha (tse bohloko) le lialmonde li monate.

Lialmonde tsa hlaha li na le li-acussic acid, ka hona li hōlileng feela bakeng sa meriana.

Ho ja liammondi tse hōlileng li monate.

Ho na le mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea almonde, e hōlang ka shrub; ho na le mefuta e sa tsoaneng e hōlang le sefate. Mofuta ona o hōla ho fihlela ho limithara tse tšeletseng.

Makhapetla holim'a kutu ea almonde e na le lehlaka le sootho, makaleng a nang le bohlooho bo bohlooho, liteleng tse nyenyane li khubelu. Makhasi a moqotetsane, a na le petiole e telele le lesoba le bohale, lehlakoreng la lekhasi le meno. Sebopeho sa makhasi ke seretse se nang le maqhubu.

Lialmonde, ho itšetlehile ka mefuta e fapa-fapaneng, li phalla ho tloha ka February ho ea ho April, tse thahasellisang - pele makhasi a thunya. O na le lipalesa tse khōlō tse mosoeu kapa tse khanyang tse ntseng li hōla li le ling

Litholoana tsa semela li butsoitse ka June - July. The drupes e khabisitsoe ka qubu ea moriri kapa mmala o motala, peo ke nati ka shell e tšesaane. Sebopeho sa lesapo se tšoana le sepikere: ka lehlakoreng le le leng - ho pota-pota, ka lehlakoreng le leng - ho totobatsa hantle. Linate li khōlō, ho fihlela ho 2 cm bolelele.

Na ua tseba? Egepeta ea boholo-holo, thepa ea ho folisa ea lialmonde e sebelisetsoang ho boloka 'mele oa basali ba imme. Litholoana tsa semela li ne li fanoa tafoleng ea bahlomphehi ba bohlokoa le bo-farao.

Almond e tlase (serpere, li-cobbler)

Maamondi a tlaase a almond e hōla ho fihlela ho e bophahamo ba limithara tse le halofo. Mefuta ena ke shrub ea deciduous. E na le moqhaka o boima, o etsang bolo, ka makala a teteaneng a otlolohileng. Makhapetla a bohlooho ka tinge e khubelu. E siea mefuta e teteaneng, ea nama, ea oblong, ea lanceolate. Etsa bolelele ba lisenthimithara tse 6, mmala - botala bo lefifi holim'a sekoahelo se hodimo le ho khanyetsa ka tlaase.

Libokeng tsa bobovnika, empa lipalesa tse khutšoanyane. Almond e thunya ho elella bofelong ba March - pele ho April. Li-budgundy hue tse nyenyane li fumaneha ka letlobo le lekhutšoanyane la sessile. Lipalesa tse palesa li bophara ho 3 cm, 'mala o moputsoa o nang le monko o monate.

Mofuta ona oa almonde o qhibiliha ka nako e le 'ngoe le makhasi. Lipalesa li nka libeke tse ka tlaase ho tse peli. Litholoana tse omisitsoeng ka sebōpeho sa lehe ho fihlela ho 2 cm, bolelele le bo-pubescent. Ho hlahisa litholoana ho etsahala ka July. Peo e boima, e nang le methapo ea longitudinal, e jeoa. Mefuta ena e emeloa ke mefuta e sa tšoaneng e nang le lipalesa tse tšoeu le tse pinki.

White Sail

Almond sehlahla White Sail - Ena ke sefate sa almonde se nang le 'mala oa lehloa. Lipalesa tse hlahisang lihlahla li ngata haholo, li hlile lia koahela le tsona. Bophara ba lipalesa bo ka bang 10 mm. "Sekepe sa White" ka nako e telele se ka etsa ntle le nosetso: semela sena se ka boroa se hanyetsa ho komello.

"Annie"

"Annie" e thunya mathoasong a April, e koahele moqhaka o khanyang lipalesa tse pinki ho fihlela ho 2,5 cm bophara. Ho butsoa ha litholoana ho qala qalong ea hoetla, ho ea qetellong ea September. Linate li khōlō - ho fihlela ho 6 cm ka bolelele, peo e nang le monko o monate le monate o monate o monate.

"Toro"

Almond sehlahla "Toro" a rata ho hōla libakeng tse bulehileng, a khantša letsatsi le le leng ka letsatsi le tobileng. O utloa hantle penumbra. Semela sena se tšaba lirapa le liphetoho ka tšohanyetso mocheso. "Toro" e thunya ka lipalesa tse pinki tse pinki ka bophara ba 2 cm.

"Pink Flamingo"

"Pink Flamingo" - Ena ke mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea makhasi a tlase, e thunya hoo e ka bang beke pejana ho mefuta e meng. Lipalesa li na le limela tse nyenyane, tse nyenyane, ho isa bophara ba lisenthimithara, lipalesa tse pinki. Tsena tse fapa-fapaneng li atisa ho sebelisoa ha ho etsoa meralo ea naha, hape li-beauticians lia e rata.

Ke habohlokoa! Lijo tse bohloko tsa almonde, ka lebaka la chefo ea tsona, li ka baka lefu la motho. Ngoana ea ka tlase ho lilemo tse leshome le metso e '

"Bothata ba Pink"

Hlophisa "Bothata ba Pink" e thunya ka nako e telele moriting, le ho feta ka tsela e hlollang ka letsatsi. Mefuta ena e fapa-fapaneng e na le kholo, ho fihlela ho bophara ba cm 2,5, lipalesa tse khanyang tsa pinki.

Almond Georgian

Almond Georgian - talima ka sebaka se fokolang sa ho ajoa, se ntse se hōla Caucasus. E hōla sehlahla, e tšoanang le ponahalo ho bauber. Mefuta e na le makala a fokolang, empa a mangata metso ea ts'ebetso.

Makhasi, ho itšetlehile ka mefuta e fapa-fapaneng, e ka ba e kholo le ea oblong, ho fihlela ho 8 cm ka bolelele. Lipalesa tse khōlō, haholo-holo pinki, li thunya ka May. Mefuta e fapa-fapaneng ha e behe litholoana tse ngata, litholoana tsa pubescent, tse tala tse nang le bohlooho bo bohlooho.

Almonde ena e na le serame, ha e na komello ebile ha e felle fatše. Litšobotsi tsena li etsa hore semela se be le bohlokoa ka ho ikatisa. Ntle le litšoaneleho tse ka holimo, semela se khahlanong le maloetse le tse senyang lijalo. Ka tlhokomelo e ntle le e nepahetseng e na le litšoaneleho tsa khabiso ho fihlela lilemo tse mashome a mararo.

Tse thahasellisang Nakong ea lialmonde tsa lipalesa li khahloa ke botle ba eona bo sa sireletsehang. 'Mala oa oona o ne o binoa ke liroki, bangoli le litšoantšo. Maikutlo a phalloang a almonde a ile a otloa ke Garsevan Cholokashvili, Frida Polak, Konstantin Paustovsky. Lipalesa tsa almonde li ile tsa susumetsa Vincent Van Gogh ho taka setšoantšo ka lebitso le le leng.

Almond Ledebura

Sebaka sa liphallelo Almond Ledebour - Altai. E hōla lihlabeng, meadows le steppes. Semela se rata monate oa mobu o lekanyelitsoeng hantle, o silafalitsoe ke likokoanyana.

Almond Ledebura e sa keneleng serame, e ratang le e khanyang. Ka tlhaho, lialmonde tsa mofuta ona li hlahisa lihlopha tsohle tsa lihlahla tse nang le makhasi a maholo a lefifi.

Semela se phunya pele ho mefuta e meng ea lipalesa tse pinki, lipalesa li nka libeke tse tharo. Litholoana tsa Almond Ledebour tsa lilemo li leshome. Tse fapa-fapaneng tse ratoang haholo ke Mollo oa Mollo ka lipalesa tse khubelu ho fihlela ho 3 cm bophara.

Almond Petunnikova

Almond Petunnikova - tlaase shrub, eseng ho feta meter. Sebaka sa ho abela - Asia Bohareng. Hangata makala a emmeng a etsa moqhaka o boima ka sebōpeho sa bolo. Makala a makhapetla a koahetsoeng ka bohlooho bo botala kapa bohloa bo botala.

E na le likhabiso tse boreleli moeling, lanceolate le foromo e bohale. Lipalesa li qala ho le lilemo li tharo, ka khoeli ea May. Almond e thunya ka pinki, e thunya e nka libeke tse peli. Ha lilemo li hlano tsa lialmonde li qala ho beha litholoana. Litholoana li nyenyane, li-pubescent, li-orange kapa tse sootho-sootho ka 'mala.

Lekhasi le meraro la Almond

Lekhasi le meraro la Almond - Ena ke shrub e telele e nang le moqhaka o pharaletseng.

Lebitso la almonde le tsoa ho sebopeho sa makhasi, a etsa li-lobes tse tharo-lipoleiti.

Makhasi a koahetsoe ke qubu ka tlas'a lekhasi la lekhasi, le koahetsoeng ka meno. Lipalesa tsa mebala e sa tšoaneng le bophara, li hlophisitsoe ka bobeli ka thunya.

Ho na le li-subspecies tse peli tse khabisitsoeng:

  • "Tšoaro" - le lipalesa tse peli, tse kholo - ho fihlela ho 4 cm bophara. Lipalesa tsa lipalesa li thunya ka mor'a makhasi. The shrub e hōla ho fihlela ho 3 limithara ka bophara;
  • "Kiev" - ho fihlela ho bolelele ba limithara tse 3,5, lipalesa tse tala. Lipalesa tse palesa li thunya pele makhasi a palesa, lipalesa li le khōlō, limela.
Mofuta ona o emeloa ke mefuta e sa tšoaneng le poone e nyalisitsoeng.

"Svitlana"

"Svitlana" - mefuta-futa e bakiloe ke li-Ukrainian breeders. Mefuta e fapa-fapaneng ke serame e hanyetsang, e se nang boikokobetso. Lipalesa tsa "Svitlana" li phalla haholo. Li-blooms haholo, esita le ka tlhokomelo e fokolang.

"Tanya"

"Tanya" - Lialmonde tse nang le lipalesa tse peli tse kholo tse nang le bophara ba lisenthimithara tse 3,5. Lipalesa tse thunyang li bonahala li sothehile. Mefuta e fapa-fapaneng ke serame e sa keneng, ha e shoe ka -25 ° C. Ho nka nako e telele feela ho se hokae le ho hloka koahelo ea lehloa ho ka ba kotsi. Ka nako e tsoanang, almond buds ea shoa.

"Ho hopola Makhmet"

"Ho hopola Makhmet" - Lihlopha tse fapa-fapaneng li thunya pele makhasi a thunya. O na le lipalesa tse peli tsa mmala o moputsoa. Lipalesa li nka libeke tse peli. Sebakeng sa naha hangata limela limela tse tala ka pel'a eona.

"Mosali oa Machaena"

"Mosali oa Machaena" - tse fapa-fapaneng le lipalesa tse pinki tse palesa, eseng tsa matheba. "Mosali oa Machaena" o ikutloa a le motle haholo lirapeng tsa boikhathollo tsa metse, lirapa le li-alleys.

Hlokomela! Lialmonde tse tharo tse nang le lotho li ka hlaseloa ke "monilia" (fungus), lefu lena le ama bacha ba fokolang letlobo. Bakeng sa prophylaxis, ho pruning selemo le selemo ho etsoa ka mor'a nako ea lipalesa.

"Snow Wimura"

"Snow Wimura" - Majoe a mararo a Almond a mararo. Lipalesa tse kholo tsa 'mala o pentiloeng o pinki qetellong ea lipalesa, fetola mmala ho tranelate. Semela se utloahala libakeng tse bulehileng har'a lifate tsa lifate tsa coniferous tse mekhabiso.

"Ruslana"

"Ruslana" - mefuta-futa e sa tloaelehang, ho fetola moriti. Qalong ea lipalesa, likarolo tse mebala-bala li fetoha tse tšoeu.

Almond ke semela se tummeng le se phetseng hantle. Litholoana tsa eona ha li sebelisetsoe feela meriana le cosmetology, linate tsa almonde li thusang ho fapana le phekolo ea meriana kapa ea ho fokotsa boima ba 'mele.

Lialmonde li boetse li tloaelehile ha ho pheha, 'me lihobe tse monate tsa airy, mahobe a mousse, litlolo le li-dessert tse ling li thehiloe motheong oa tsona. Lialmonde li sebelisoa haholo ha ho etsoa joala. Lipalesa tsa lihlahla tsa almonde li khabisitseng lirapaka tsa boikhathollo, lirapa le limela.