Li-violets tse ntle ka ho fetisisa tsa Tatiana Pugacheva: Natalie, Elenika, Jacqueline le ba bang

Saintpaulia ke semela sa lelapa la Gesneriev. O tsoa Afrika Bochabela - ho tloha libakeng tse lithaba tsa Tanzania le Kenya. Ha se amane le li-Violets tse ka fumanoang merung le lirapeng tsa Russia, leha ho le joalo, ka lebaka la ho tšoana ho itseng le leboea la leboea, le boetse le bitsoa Ubarbar oa violet (ka mor'a hore lebitso la lithaba tsa Uzambarsky, moo e hōlang teng tlhahong). Saintpaulia e ile ea sibolloa ka 1892, 'me ho tloha ka nako eo mosebetsi oa khetho ho eona ha oa khaotsa. Ka tlhaho, lipalesa li pherese-e putsoa.

Ka lebaka la khetho e telele, lipalesa tsa mebala e fapa-fapaneng li ne li bōpiloe - ho tloha ho violet ho ea ho tšoeu. Ho na le lihlopha tse 'maloa tsa lipalesa - lipalesa tse nang le monochromatic, lipalesa tse nang le moeli, mebala e fapaneng (lipalesa tse fapaneng le lipolao tsa libōpeho tse fapa-fapaneng), chimeras - lipalesa tse nang le sebopeho se nang le naleli, e leng lehlabula le leng le le leng bohareng ba palesa.

Ho na le mekhoa e meng ea ho kopana ha mebala e 'meli kapa e meraro le mardes. Ho na le mefuta e ka bang 32 000 ea saintpaulia, eo hoo e ka bang 2 000 ke ho ikatisa ha Russia. Har'a tsona ke mefuta e mengata ea Kursk breeder Tatiana Pugacheva.

Boitsebiso bo mabapi le mofatsi Tatiana Pugacheva

Hlokomela: Tatiana Pugacheva o hlahile ka 1975. Kamehla li kenya letsoho lipontšong tsa Russia le tsa machaba, lipuo tsa ntlo ea Moscow ea Violets. Hammoho le mosebetsi-'moho le eena Natalia Skornyakova, o boloka sebaka sa Kurskaya Violet, moo lihlopha tse ka bang 100 tse tsoetsoeng ke eena li emetsoeng. Pokello e lula e ntlafalitsoe.

Tatyana Pugacheva ke eena moetsi oa mefuta e kang Vanessa, Reed Dance, Yaroslava, Natali, Pente ea Pente, Elenika, Nonna, Tente ea Leholimo, Jacqueline le ba bang ba bangata. Libukeng tsa li-catalogs mefuta e mengata ea violets Tatiana Pugacheva e bontšitse ka moelelo oa "PT". A re luleng ho tse ling tsa tsona.

Mefuta ea lipalesa - tlhaloso le setšoantšo

"Natalie"

Tse fapa-fapaneng le tse kholo haholo (ho fihlela ho 6 cm bophara) lipalesa tse pinki tse nang le litakatso tse putsoa. Lipalesa li bonolo kapa habeli-tse peli ka leihlo le khanyang la pinki le moeli o mosoeu. Sebakeng se tšoanang ho ka hlahisoa lipalesa tsa mmala le sebōpeho se fapaneng. Likokoana-hloko tse peli tse tharo li thunya ka ho panya ha leihlo. Terry e hlaha ka nako ea bobeli le ea boraro palesa.

Mefuta e fapa-fapaneng e fana ka lipapali tse ngata, ka linako tse ling li feta mobala oa chimeric. Makhasi a lefifi le lefifi le nang le khubelu e khanyang ka hare. Sebaka se bobebe-se hlokang. Har'a likotsi, balemi ba lipalesa ba hlokomela bofokoli ba lipalesa tsa lipalesa, tse ka oelang ntle le ho ts'ehetsa lipalesa tsa boholo ba tsona.

Liphoofolo tse hlaselang lipapali li bitsoa ho fapoha ha maikutlo ho tsoa mefuteng ea mefuta-futa. Maemong a mang, lipapali tse tsitsitseng ka mor'a teko e telele li hlaha mefuteng e mecha.

Re khothaletsa ho shebella video e buang ka likarolo tsa Natali tse fapaneng violet:

"Elenika"

Lihlopha tsena tsa li-violets li thunya ka lipalesa tse khōlō tse tšoeu tse mashome a mabeli le tse peli tse nang le moeli oa sala-mobala o motala. Bohareng ba lipalesa ha ho bonahale eka ke leseli le khanyang. Khanya ea moeli e itšetlehile haholo ka lebone le mocheso, tlas'a maemo a mang e ka 'na ea nyamela' me ea hlaha palesa e hlahlamang.

Terry violet, e le molao, lipalesa tsa pele ha li hlahe. Lipalesa tse sa tšoaneng li thunya haholo. Letlapa la li-rosette li-medium size, tse tala, 'mala o tšoanang mahlakore ka bobeli. Karolo e kholo ea li-rosette, limela tse mahareng ka mahlakore ka bobeli.

Ke ea bohlokoa: Tsena tse fapa-fapaneng li fana ka lipapali tse ngata, tse kenyeletsang - ka makhasi a mahlakoreng. E 'ngoe ea lipapali tse tsitsitseng e fuoe Tatyana ka phapanyetsano e fapaneng e bitsoang PT-Fiona.

"Reed Dance"

Lipalesa tsena tse fapa-fapaneng li na le pinki e lesesaane, e pentiloeng mathōkong a lipina tse pherese le tse tala, tse phallelang hantle. Lipalesa li bonolo ebile li na le tse peli. Lihlahla li thunya haholo. Lipalesa li hlōla moriti o sa tloaelehang oa letopa le lipalesa tse telele tsa pink pistil, tse hopotsang nko ea Pinocchio. Bush e nang le rosette e ntle ea makhasi a mabeli (lehlakoreng le ka pele ke tala e lefifi, lehlakoreng le fosahetseng le khubelu).

"Jacqueline"

Lipalesa li khōlō (hoo e batlang e le bophara ba lisenthimithara tse 5), tse peli, tse khanyang, li tšoana le pompone. Pherese e khubelu e bofubelu e nang le maikutlo a sa tloaelehang a boroa.

Ke habohlokoa hore re hlokomele hore mefuta ena e fapa-fapaneng ha e lekane ka mokhoa o lekaneng oa ho fetisa mebala ea lipalesa.. Ho etsahala hore nakong ea pele lipalesa tse tšoeu tse lipalesa li phalla ka moeli o moqotetsane oa pinki, nakong e tlang lipalesa li phatsima, 'me sehlahla se tla koaheloa ka lipalesa tse pherese ka bophara bo pharaletseng. Bahoebi ba bang ba lipalesa ba re ka morao ho lekhasi le leholo la lekhasi, ka linako tse ling lipalesa li bonahala li le nyenyane, kahoo makhasi a lokela ho khaola. Mefuta e fapa-fapaneng ke thermophilic le e bonolo, lipalesa e nka nako e fetang khoeli feela.

"Angelica"

Tsena tse fapa-fapaneng li thabisoa ke balemi ba lipalesa. Lipalesa li le khōlō, limela, tse nang le marang-rang. Lipalesa tse phatsimang tse nang le li-blue specks tse sa tloaelehang le moeli o mebala e 'meli-krimson spray e nang le moeli o mosoeu. Lipalesa haholo mme hoo e ka bang selemo ho pota. Ka linako tse ling ruching e tšoeu e haella palesong ea pele. Makhasi a bonolo, a tala.

"Seraphim"

Hape e na le lipalesa tse kholo haholo, li-terry le tse peli-tse peli. Li-petals li na le wavy, li pinki tse nang le setsi se tšoeu le bohloa bo mosoeu, mokhoa o ts'oanang oa litoro tse nang le matheba, liphali le liropo. Lipalesa haholo. Har'a melemo ea tse fapa-fapaneng ka hlokomela le matla lipalesa mapheo.. Makhasi a tala.

"Nonna"

Lipalesa li kholo haholo, tse bonolo le tse peli. 'Mala o khanyang pinki, bohareng - leseli le khubelu. Likhalase tse koahetsoeng ka 'mala o moputsoa li na le moeli o mosoeu' me pherese e kena. Li-peduncles tse matla ha li oe tlas'a boima ba lipalesa.

Ha maemo a pholile, moeli o mosoeu o ka fela ka ho feletseng, empa 'mala o khanyang o bolokiloe.

"Candy candy"

Mefuta e fapa-fapaneng e nang le lipalesa tse kholo tse peli-tse peli tse nang le wavy. Mefuta e fapa-fapaneng e na le lebitso la 'mala oa cherry oa lipalesa, setsi le moeli o tšoeu, ka ho hloka mobala o mosoeu oa mocheso o teng. Lipalesa haholo le nako e telele. Rosette ea makhasi a matala a makhethe haholo.

litsebi tsa rona li lokisitseng lintho tsa bopherese, ba bang ba hlaheletseng ka mahetla le pensheneng breeders, ka ho khetheha Boris le Tatiana Makoun, Yevgeny Arkhipov, Natalia Puminovoy, Alexey Tarasov Konstantin Morev, Natalia Skornyakova, Svetlana Repkina, Lebetskoy Elena, Tatiana Dadoyan le Elena Korshunova.

Lintho tsa Pugacheva violets

Ka kakaretso, lipalesa tse kholo li tšoana le mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea khetho ea Tatiana Pugacheva (ka mefuta e sa tšoaneng, palesa ea lipalesa e fihla ho cm 7, e atisa ho habeli, e nang le mokokotlo). Tatyana Pugacheva o sebetsa le li-violets tsa mebala e sa tšoaneng. O rata mebala e sa tloaelehang, ka mohlala, 'mala o motala oa moeli. Hangata lipalesa li khabisitsoe ka litlhōlisano tse majabajaba le li-specks.

Morao tjena, mofutsi o sebetsa ka thata ho mebala ea litelu tse tala, tse pherese le tse pinki.. Hangata makhetlo a mararo 'me ka linako tse ling a kopantsoe ka lipalesa. Tatiana o lula a loanela ho ntlafatsa. O re e 'ngoe ea lintho tsa bohlokoa ka ho fetisisa tse khethollang, ho phaella ho menyetla e metle ea lipalesa ka boeona, li ntle li rosettes le liatla tse matla tsa lipalesa.

Boto: Mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea li-violets, ho kenyelletsa mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea khetho ea Tatiana Pugacheva, e ka 'na ea se ke ea boloka litšoaneleho tsa bona ha bana ba ikatisa, kahoo ho buelloa ho sebelisa bana ba bobeli.

Mefuta ea li-aspiral e letsetsa letlobo le hlahang lihlahisoa tsa makhasi a morung. Bana ke letlobo le lenyenyane le ntseng le hōla haufi le ho khaola limela.

Ha ho pelaelo hore lipalesa tsa Tatiana Pugacheva li tla khabisa leha e le efe pokello ea Saintpaulia. Empa ke habohlokoa ho hopola hore ba halefile haholo, ba hloka khanya e ntle, ho khaola makhasi le ho fepa. Lisebelisoa tsa ho lema li lokela ho tsoa mehloling e tšeptjoang, ka ho khetheha ho tsoa ho motsoako ka boeena. Ha u reka semela se seng se seholo u lokela ho ela hloko ponahalo ea sona. Makhasi a lokela ho ba a tala le a lerootho, a se na mabala a mosehla le liphoso tse ling.

E lokela ho hopoloa hore ha o reka semela sa lipalesa, se ka senya lipalesa ka morao oa lipalangoang, ka hona ho bohlokoa ho reka likopi ka li-buds tse sa phethoeng. Haeba o latela melao ena, o ka lebella mebala e mengata e khanyang, e ntle haholo e tla khahlisa leihlo selemo se seng le se seng.