Maloetse le tse senyang lijalo tsa currant tse ntšo le litsela tsa ho li loantša

Serapa se hloekisitsoeng hantle se nang le limela tse lenngoeng hantle ha se bōpe maemo a thusang nts'etsopele ea mafu le likokoana-hloko, kahoo ho latela melao ea boenjiniere ba temo ke motheo oa ho loantša maloetse le tse senyang lijalo tsa currant tse ntšo.

Ho lema currant e ntšo

Black currants e ka jaloa nakong ea selemo, pele buds e thunya, empa nako e nepahetseng ea ho lema e ka morao ho September - pele ho October.

Lipeo li lokela ho phela hantle. Ho eletsa ho khetha lilemo tse peli tsa lipeo ka metso ea 15-20 cm, le mobu o motsoako oa hoo e ka bang 30-40 cm. Mobu o lokela ho khethoa mobu o nonneng, o nang le acidic le mobu o lokela ho qojoa.

Bakeng sa sehlahla se seng le se seng, ho hlokahala ho tloha ho 2,5 ho isa ho 3 m, 'me sebaka se pakeng tsa mela e lokela ho ba bonyane ka limithara tse 2. Bohale ba sekoti e lokela ho ba ka 50 cm, bonyane bophara ba 40 cm. Lipeo ha li lema li lokela ho behoa ka lehlakoreng le leng.
Haufi le lihlahla tsa currant ha lia lokela ho ba lifate tsa coniferous.

Mefuta e fapa-fapaneng ea mefuta e sa tsoaneng ea batsho currant.

Red currant. Fumana mona hohle ka ho lema le ho mo hlokomela.

Ho hōla ho tloha ho peo ho sehlooho sa rona //rusfermer.net/ogorod/listovye-ovoshhi/vyrashhivanie-i-uhod/vyrashhivanie-bazilika-iz-semyan-metody-polucheniya-kachestvennogo-urozhaya.html.

Ho hōla le ho hlokomela currants tse ntšo

Ho thibela maloetse le ho fumana kotulo e ntle ea currant e ntšo, u tlameha ho:
1. Nakong ea selemo pele bud break:

  • khaola makala a kula le a ommeng a amehang ke gall ea midge larvae le nyeoe ea khalase;
  • Lokolla mobu, etsa manyolo a nang le naetrojene, u phunye mobu;
  • Senya lihlahla le mobu o nang le nitrafen le Bordeaux le metsi khahlanong le tse senyang lijalo le maloetse a fungal;

2. Pele ho lipalesa:

  • hlahisa lihlahla ka karolo ea 10 lekholong ea karbofos emulsion khahlanong le mites (liphio le li-spiderwebs), hoaba le tse ling tse senyang lijalo;
  • spray lihlahla Bordeaux metsi khahlanong le fungal maloetse;

3. Nakong ea lipalesa ho khetholla le ho tlosa lihlahla tse anngoeng ke terry;

4. Kapelenyana ka mor'a hore currant e thunye, fafatsa lihlahla ka li-sulfure tsa colloidal le karbofos khahlanong le li-sawflies, mites le moth;

5. Kamora matsatsi a 10, pheta ts'ebetsong;

6. Ka mor'a ho bokella monokotsoai, fafatsa limela le Bordeaux motsoako, koporo ea sulphate, karbofos khahlanong le tse senyang lijalo le maloetse;

7. Hoetla, khaola makala a khale, chesa makhasi a oeleng, cheka mobu ka mela, cheka masale a makhasi, 'me u phunye mobu.

Ha palo e nyenyane ea tse senyang li hlaha, ho khothalletsoa ho e senya ka letsoho (mohlala, ho bonolo ho bokella matheba a mollo).

U ka boela ua sebelisa li-decoctions le li-infusions tsa limela tse bolaeang likokoanyana, tse bakang tšenyo e fokolang ha li bapisoa le likokoana-hloko. Ha ho phatlalatsoa maloetse le likokoanyana tse ngata, mehato ea ho sireletsa lik'hemik'hale e lokela ho sebelisoa.

Mathata a tloaelehileng a batsho currant le ho loantša bona

Anthracnose

Anthracnose, moemeli oa causative eo e leng fungus e atisang likokoana-hloko, o tšoaetsa letlobo, makhasi, li-petiole le mahlaka a currant.

Libaka tse hlakileng tsa sootho li hlaha makhasi a nang le bophara ba hoo e ka bang limilimithara tse 2,5, bohareng ba moo ho hlahelang pherekano e lefifi. Ka ho nts'etsopele pele ha li-anthracnose, mabala a qala ho coalesce, makhasi a fetola sootho ka 'mala, o omme ebe o pota-pota metseng, ebe o oa.

Karolo e ka tlase ea letlobo e se e le letho, maqeba a hlaha ka letlobo le petioles. Lihlahleng tse anngoeng ke lefu la ho tsuba, ho hōla ha letlobo ho fokotseha, lihlahisoa li fokotseha. Lihlahla tse amehang haholo ke fungus, li shoa ka lilemo tse 4.

Ha lefu le fumanoa mathoasong a selemo kapa ka hoetla, letlobo le amehang lea khaoloa. Lihlahla pele li phunya buds li lokela ho sprayed ka nitrophene (10 a etsang dilitara tse metsi ka 300 g). Pele ho lipalesa, ka mor'a eona le ka mor'a hore a nke litholoana, fafatsa le Bordeaux metsi.

Litlhahiso tsa balemi ba lirapa - Ho hōla broccoli.

Joang ho hōla ho cauliflower serapeng sa hau bala mona //rusfermer.net/ogorod/listovye-ovoshhi/vyrashhivanie-i-uhod/vyrashhivanie-tsvetnoj-kapusty-v-otkrytom-grunte.html.

Septoria

Ka septoria kapa e tšoeu e hlabang, ho na le ho oela pele ho makhasi, ho hōla ho seng kae ha letlobo le lefu la bona le leholo, ho omisoa ha li-buds. Mookameli oa lefu lena ke bo-mushroom.

Ha lefu le hlaha ka June, mabala a mangata a pota-potileng a hlaha makhasi, e leng a khanyang bohareng, 'me moeli o lula o le sootho.

Hamorao, matheba a matšo a hlaha maemong, moo ho nang le spores ea fungus. Ka mor'a ho tloha ha moferefere sebakeng seo ho na le seso. Lihlahla tsa currant li tšoaetsoa haholo ha bofelo ba lehlabula.

Mathoasong a selemo, pele buds thunya, mobu le lihlahla ba sprayed le nitrafen. Le ntshetsopele ya lefu lena le sebelisa Bordeaux mokelikeli.

Phoka ea Mealy

Phoka ea Mealy ke lefu la fungal le amang likarolo tsohle tsa semela. Likarolo tse senyehileng tsa currant li koahela ka pele patina e tšoeu ea powdery e ka hlakoloang habonolo, 'me ha nako e ntse e ea e ba matla haholo' me e tšoana le e bobebe.

E amehang letlobo pona le shoa, litholoana u se ke ua ntshetsa pele le oa pele ho nako, makhasi a curl. Ka lilemo tse 'maloa, ka ho hlōloa ka matla, limela li shoa.

Lihlahla le mobu li lokela ho sprayed ka sulfate ea tšepe (lilithara tse 10 tsa metsi ka 300 g). Ha letlapa la powdery le hlaha, fafatsa currant ka tharollo ea sesepa le soda molora. Bereach e ncha e lokiselitsoe hape (10 a etsang dilitara tse metsi bakeng sa likhaba tse supileng tsa sesepa).

Ho sebetsa ho lokela ho etsoa libeke tse 2 pele ho kotuloa. Ka mor'a ho kha monokotšoai, litokisetso tsa basezol, sebabole, li-emulsion tse 10% tsa Topaz li sebelisoa.

Ho boetse ho molemo ho sebelisa infusion ea manyolo a rotted (moru matlakala, furu, sethopo sa lefatše). Bakeng sa ho phalla, karolo e le 'ngoe ea moiteli le likarolo tse 3 tsa metsi li nkoa, li tsitlalletse matsatsi a 3, makhetlo a mararo li hlatsoa ka metsi' me li tlhotliloeng.

Currant e fafatsa phallo ea marulelo a marulelo ka mekhahlelo e meraro: pele ho thunyana, ka morao le pele ho makhasi.

Ithute hosaeteng ea rona ea ho hlahisa k'habeche ea Sechaena.

Re khothaletsa ho bala likarolo tsa ho lema lipeo tsa hop mobung //rusfermer.net/ogorod/listovye-ovoshhi/vyrashhivanie-i-uhod/vyrashhivanie-rassady_kapusti_v_domashnih_usloviyah.html.

Ho tsosolosa

Phetolelo ea currant kapa terry - lefu la kokoana-hloko le amang 'mele oohle' me le lebisa ho thibela ho hloka matla. Ho fetisoa ka ho jala boitsebiso le liphio tsa moriana.

E bonahalitsoe ka mokhoa o fapaneng oa makhasi, o leng lehlakoreng le leng, o nang le mararo a mararo, a nang le lipheletsong tse tobileng, o fokotsa palo ea methapong. Makhasi a lahleheloa ke monko o ikhethang, a ka 'na a fumana pherese e pherese. Ha ho thehoe litholoana.

Lihlahla tse kulang ho tsoa le ho chesa. E loantša liphio tsa liphio.

Pele o lema, li-cuttings lignised li lokela ho bolokoa metsing a chesang (hoo e ka bang 45 ° C) ka metsotso e 15.

Khalase ea khalase

Bofubelu bo bofubelu bo bakoang ke selemo ka li-spores tsa fungus, bo khetholloa ke ponahalo ea lipalesa tsa lamunu holim'a letlobo, makhasi, lipalesa le litholoana, tse leng qetellong ea May li tšoana le ho bokella likoti. Khatelo-pele e eketsehileng ea fungus e hlaha lebōpong la leoatle, moo moea o nang le li-spores. Lipalesa tse ammeng, makhasi le monokotsoai lia oa.

Spray currant lihlahla ka makhetlo a mararo le Bordeaux metsi. Nakong ea lehlabuleng, mow sedge, bokella makhasi a oeleng 'me u tlose letlobo le amehang.

Ruru ea columnar

Mahlaku a Currant a anngoe ke mafome, a bonahalang ka libaka tse nyenyane tsa mosehla le lipalesa tse khanyang tsa Orange ka tlaase ho lekhasi. Ha lefu lena le tloha pele ho nako, e leng ho lebisang ho fokotsa lihlahisoa selemong se tlang. Hangata li-currants tse amehang, haufi le moo lifate tsa coniferous li hōlang teng.

Felisa Bordeaux metsi pele lipalesa le ka morao, hammoho le ka mor'a kotulo.

Ho hlokomela lihlahla tsa black currant kamehla, ha nako e ntse e tlosa letlobo le amehang le ho phekola mobu le lihlahla ka nako e loketseng le lithethefatsi tse thibelang nts'etso-pele ea maloetse le tlhahiso ea likokoanyana, o tla khona ho kotula kotulo e babatsehang selemo se seng le se seng.