Motsehali moeti serapeng - mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea langa le le lej "Moskvich", tlhaloso, litlhaloso, lifoto

Compact lihlahla tsa langa le le lej e sa tsoaneng Moskvich - e le kannete fumana bakeng sa baahi ba libaka ka e khutšoanyane lehlabula.

Matata a butsoitseng a ka kotuloa qalong ea lehlabula, a na le monate o monate, o nang le lintho tse phetseng hantle. Mefuta e fapa-fapaneng ke ho se ts'oanelehe ho hlokomela le ho mamella habonolo maemo a leholimo.

Bala sehloohong sa rona tlhaloso e qaqileng ea mefuta ena e thahasellisang, tloaelana le litšoaneleho tsa eona le lihlahisoa tsa temo. Re tla boela re bolelle tsohle ka lefu le ho hanyetsa likokoanyana.

Tomate "Moskvich": tlhaloso ea mefuta e mengata

Lebitso la mabitsoMoskvich
Tlhaloso e akaretsangMokhoa oa pele o hlahisitsoeng o hlahisitsoeng ka holimo
MoqapiRussia
Ho hlahisaMatsatsi a 90-95
ForomoHo pota-pota kapa ho pota-potile, ka ho thiba hanyenyane ka stem
MobalaLefubelu
Karolelano ea langa le le lej60-80 dikgerama
KopoKamore ea ho jela
Hlahisa mefuta e mengata10-14 lik'hilograma ka hora ea mithara
Lintho tsa ho hōlaTekanyetso ea Agrotechnika
Mafu a ho hanyetsaMafu aa hanyetsa

Moskvich - phahameng-inehela mathoasong a butsoitseng pele. Bush e ikarabellang, e nang le lik'hemik'hale, e nang le mefuta-futa, e thehiloeng ka mokhoa o itekanetseng oa boima ba tala. Mabapi le limaraka tsa indeterminantny tse balang mona. Makhasi a silafetseng, a mahlakore a maholo, a tala. Litholoana li butsoitse ka marako a 4-6 likotoana. Lihlahisoa li phahame, ho tloha ho 1 sekoere. limithara tsa ho lema li ka bokelloa 10-14 lik'hilograma tsa tamati e khethiloeng.

E 'ngoe ea melemo e meholo ea mefuta e mengata:

  • litholoana tse monate, tse boreleli le tse ntle;
  • chai e ntle;
  • tlhaho ea ho sebelisoa ha litholoana hohle;
  • ho hanyetsa ho bata;
  • ho se ikokobetse ho maemo a botlamuoeng.

O ka bapisa lihlahisoa tsa mefuta e sa tšoaneng le ba bang tafoleng e ka tlase:

Lebitso la mabitsoTlisa
Moskvich10-14 lik'hilograma ka hora ea mithara
Frost18-24 lik'hilograma ka limithara tse lekanang
Mokhatlo oa 815-19 lik'hilograma ka limithara tse lekanang
Mohlolo oa Balcony2 lik'hilograma tse tsoang morung
Dome e khubelu17 kg ka hora ea mithara
Blagovest F116-17 lik'hilograma ka limithara tse lekanang
Morena pele12-15 lik'hilograma ka hora ea mithara
Nikola8 kg ka hora ea mithara
Ob domes4-6 lik'hilograma tse tsoang morung
Morena oa Botle5.5-7 lik'hilograma ho tloha morung
Pinky meaty5-6 lik'hilograma ka hora ea mithara

Lintho tse ikhethang tsa mefuta e fapa-fapaneng li kenyeletsa litlhoko tsa bohlokoa ba phepo ea mobu.

Tlhaloso ea litholoana:

  • Tomate ke boima ba sekhahla, boima ba 60 ho isa ho 80 g.
  • Sebopeho se pota-potile kapa se pota-potile, se fokotseha hanyenyane ka stem.
  • Nakong ea lik'hemik'hale tsa botona, litamati ke botala bo botala bo nang le sebaka se lefifi haufi le bakoang.
  • Litamati tse butsoitseng li fetohile tse khubelu.
  • Letlalo le le boima, empa ha le thata, nama ke lero, linama, le peo e nyane.
  • Boima ba lero ka lero bo fihla ho 6%, tsoekere - ho fihlela ho 3%.
  • Tatso ea tholoana e butsoitseng e matla, e monate, eseng metsi.

Ho bapisa boima ba litholoana tsa litholoana le lintlha tse ling tafoleng:

Lebitso la mabitsoLitholoana tsa boima
Moskvich60-80 dikgerama
Truffle e ntšo ea JapaneLigrama tse 120-200
Frost50-200 dikgerama
Octopus F1150 dikgerama
Matama a khubelu100 dikgerama
Pinky meaty350 dikgerama
Dome e khubelu150-200 dikgerama
Cream Cream60-70 dikgerama
Tšimolohong ea Siberia60-110 dikgerama
Matlo a Russia500 dikgerama
Letsoai la tsoekere20-25 dikgerama

Litamati li na le monate o monate, o tšoaneleha bakeng sa salate, lijana tse chesang, sopho, li-sauces, lero. Litholoana tse nyenyane tse nang le tšesaane, empa letlalo le bobebe le ka nooa letsoai, le khabisitsoeng, le kenyelelitsoe meroaneng ea meroho.

Bala hape ho websaeteng ea rona: Joang ho hlokomela mefuta e sa tsoaneng ea nako? Joang ho fumana kotulo e ntle ka ho fetisisa tšimong?

Joang ho hōla tamati e monate selemo se seng le se seng ka li-greenhouses? Ke mefuta efe e fapaneng e nang le tšoaetso ea kokoana-hloko e ntle le chai e ngata

Photo

Re u eletsa hore u tloaelane le litšoantšo tsa langa le le lej tse fapa-fapaneng "Moskvich":

Lintho tsa ho hōla

Mefuta e fapa-fapaneng ea langa le le lej Moskvich e bōptjoa ke bahlaseli ba Russia, ba fuoe libaka tsa Siberia, sebakeng sa Volga, libakeng tsa North-Western le Central. Temo e khothalletsoang sebakeng se bulehileng kapa tlas'a filimi. Litholoana tse kotuloa li bolokiloe hantle, lipalangoang lia khoneha. Litamati tse tala li butsoe ka katleho mocheso oa kamore.

Tomate mefuta e sa tsoaneng Moskvich, joaloka tse ling tse pele tsa tamati, ho loketse ho hōla semela tsela. Pele ho jala, peo e kenngoa mofuteng oa stimulator o fanang ka tsoele pele ho mela. Mobu o entsoe ka motsoako oa serapeng sa mobu le peat kapa humus. Peo e jetsoe ka botebo ba 1.5-2 cm, e fafatsoa ka peat, e silafalitsoe ka metsi. Bakeng sa ho atleha ho mela ho hloka mocheso oa likhato tse 23 ho ea ho tse 25. Kamora ho hlaha ha letlobo ho fokotsoe, 'me lijana tse nang le lipeo li behiloe ka leseli le khanyang.

Litamati tse nyenyane li hloka letsatsi le lelelele la ho khantša le ho nosetsang metsi a futhumetseng. Ha 'nete ea pele e siea lipeo, li swoop ebe li li fepa ka mokelikeli o rarahaneng oa metsi. Limela tse reretsoeng ho jala libetheng tse bulehileng li lokela ho thatafalloa, li tlisoe liheleng kapa liholong lihora tse 'maloa.

Ho fetisetsa mobung ho qala karolong ea bobeli ea May le mathoasong a June. Mobu o lokela ho futhumala, qalong limela tse nyenyane li ka koaheloa ka foil. Lihlahla li lenngoe ka thōko ho 30-40 cm ho tloha ho tse ling, ka ho arohana ha bonyane ka 60 cm. Ha ho hlokahalang ho tlama kapa ho li theha; bakeng sa ho tšelisoa hamolemo, makhasi a tlaase a ka tlosoa.

Matata a metsi haholo, empa eseng hangata, a sebelisa metsi a futhumetseng feela. Libeke tse ling le tse ling tse peli limela li feptjoa manyolo a rarahaneng le phosphorus le potassium.

Ho bohlokwa haholo ho khetha mobu o nepahetseng, ka bobeli bakeng sa ho lema lipeo le limela tse kholo ho la sethopo. Ho utloisisa sehlooho sena ho tla thusa ka mefuta ea mobu oa tamati. U tla boela u fumane boitsebiso ba rona ba marang-rang mabapi le hore na u ka lokisa litša joang bakeng sa litamati.

Bala ka ho eketsehileng ka mokhoa oa ho nosetsa tamati le kamoo o ka etsang kateng.:

  • Lijoana, diminerale, phosphorus, li rarahaneng, menontsha e lokiselitsoeng.
  • E ntle ka ho fetisisa.
  • Lemon, iodine, hydrogen peroxide, ammonia, molora, boric acid.
  • Liaparo tse phahameng bakeng sa lipeo, foliar le ha li khetha.

Maloetse le tse senyang lijalo

Mefuta e mengata ea tamati e butsoitseng hangata e hanyetsa mafu, Moskvich ha e ikhethang. Semela ha e na tšoaetso ea fusarium, verticillosis, Alternaria le tse ling tse tloaelehileng mafu a li-greenhouses. Pele o jala, ho kgothaletswa hore o silafetse mobu ka mochine o chesang oa potassium permanganate. U ka sebelisa mekhoa e meng ea ho sebetsana le maloetse.

Ho thibela mosi oa basal kapa o mosoeu o ka khaola mobu hangata, ho tlosoa mofoka. Mobu o ka ba peat ea fatše. Ho hlokahala hore ho sebelisoe lithethefatsi tse seng tsa chefo tse kang limela tse kang phytosporin, ho thibela ketsahalo ea morao-rao. Bala hape ka litsela tse ling tsa ho sireletsa khahlanong le limela tse fapaneng le mefuta e sa tšoaneng.

Liphoofolo tse senyang likokoanyana li ka sokela litamati: hoaba, likokoanyana, li-thrips, maleshoane a Colorado, li-slugs. Ho loantša bona, ho na le mekhoa e mengata e tiisitsoeng:

  • Tsela ea ho tlosa likokoanyana tsa sekho.
  • Seo u lokelang ho se etsa haeba hoaba le li-thrips li bōptjoa serapeng.
  • Ho loana le Colorado litapole beetle le larvae ea eona.
  • Litsela tse tšepahalang tsa ho felisa slugs.

Litapole tse fapaneng "Moskvich" li ikutloa li le ntle tšimong, ha li na tšoaetso e fokolang ke mafu 'me li tšoarela liphoso tse nyenyane theknoloji ea temo. Moputso oa mosebetsi o tla ba monate oa tomate, litholoana tsa pele li ka khaoloa ka June.

Ka tafole ka tlase u tla fumana li-link tsa mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea tomate e butsoitseng ka linako tse fapaneng:

PhahamengBohareng ba nakoPele ho nako
LeopoldNikolaSupermelel
Schelkovsky peleDemidovBudenovka
Mopresidente 2PersimmonF1 e kholo
Liana PinkMahe a linotsi le tsoekereCardinal
Ho ba moetloPudovikBear paw
SankaRosemary poundKing Penguin
Mohlolo oa sinamoneMorena oa botleApple ea Emerald